Abortion and Ethical Dilemma in Christianity

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Abortionand Ethical Dilemma in Christianity

Abortionand Ethical Dilemma in Christianity


Inlife, decision-making is a complex and an unclear process, as itrequires an individual to consider different scenarios. This opens updifferent ways in which what is right and wrong in varyingcircumstances can be determined (Watt, 2015). An ethical dilemma iscommon when people face a quandary in choosing between moralimperatives in the society (Christie, 2013). The analysisdemonstrates that despite the Bible not specifically stating aboutabortion, it clearly teaches Christians that it is wrong hence,poses the dilemma as to whether it is moral in cases where apregnancy threatens the life and health of the mother or apossibility of the child to have a serious disability.

Ethical Dilemma

Accordingto Watt (2015), an ethical dilemma is a situation that presents achoice to be made between two options that neither options resolvethe situation in a settling ethical manner. The ethical perspectivesreferred to in this case are based on society and personalguidelines. Abortion has always remained a controversial ethicalsubject among Christians since it was first legalized in 1973 (Watt,2015). According to the Christian teaching in reference to the Bible,abortion is condemned and man has not authority to take anotherperson’s life (Camsosy, 2015). In the study’s case scenario, thepregnancy is perceived to pose a health risk to the baby who will beborn with a Down syndrome. Secondly, the mother will experiencechallenges in taking care of the child once born. On the other hand,the child may live a normal life and Susan will have fulfilled herdesire to have a child.

Susanfaces a dilemma, as she has always desired to have a healthy child.She feels uncomfortable about abortion, but the doctor advices her toabort citing suffering. The scenario only presents two alternatives.First, in order to follow the teachings of the Bible, Susan shouldnot abort regardless of the health of the paper, as the Bibleconsiders abortion a sin. Although the Bible does not mentionabortion, it compares an unborn child to a young child withunalienable rights. However, there is an alternative to prevent boththe baby and the mother from harm by terminating the pregnancythrough abortion. Failure to abort will depict Susan as a goodChristian while terminating the pregnancy will allow the mother toprevent the suffering of the child in life.

Core beliefs

TheBible does not mention abortion but the general assumption fromChristian teachings follow the principle of sanctity of life in theBible that prohibits abortion (Christie, 2013). As per the Christianteachings, whether born or unborn, a child is a living being and itslife must be protected. Although an evolutionary worldview, wouldconsider the child as an imperfection who cannot promote thecontinuation of the human species, God has a purpose for everyindividual in the womb thus, the Bible forbids people to kill.Typically as a Christian, a healthy pregnancy must not be terminated.It is considered sinful as per the Christian teachings (Christie,2013). The feats have the fundamental right to live as any otherperson, born or unborn. The Christian teachings, does not allow inany way any person to take a life of a born or a bon child henceconsidered abortion sinful regardless of the condition of thepregnancy


ForSusan to resolve the dilemma, she should either abort or decideagainst abortion. However, per the Christian worldview, she can onlychoose to give birth to the child. The Christian worldview is againstabortion as life must be protected and preserved regardless of thepregnancy condition. As such, Susan should give birth and eitherraises the baby in a caring environment or give the baby up foradoption. The decision means that Susan will not feel any guilt andwill allow her to pursue her career. According to the Christianworldview, a child has certain absolute liberties since God hascreated the child in the womb with a purpose. Moreover, although thechild has Down’s syndrome, it is not condemned to a misery life. Infact, some children with Down syndrome lives healthy life and takepart in activities such as music. As such, the baby should beafforded the liberty to live.


Fromthe Christian perspective, abortion is considered sinful and a threatto the unborn child right to live. The Christian teachingunintentionally removes the decision to stop life from anybody butonly to be left to the hands of God. The importance of this conditionis to ensure that human life is protected and safeguarded even if itis in an infant. On the other hand, the risk that the pregnancy posesto the child and the mother must also be considered, hence theintroduction of alternatives to the Christian teachings. If Susandoes not abort, she will discover the happiness of raising a child.The prospect of seeing the child take part in activities that otherchildren with Down syndrome take part in would be of great joy toSusan and the child.


Inthe Christian worldview, abortion is unacceptable and life must beprotected at all cost. It is only acceptable under circumstances thatthe mother’s life or the child’s health are in danger. Otherwise,a healthy abortion is not allowed. In the evolutionary and mostworldly views, abortion is considered a person’s decision.Regardless of the child condition, the mother is given a right tochoose to abort (Christie, 2013). However, the evolutionary worldviewis wrong since research shows that a big proportion of children withDown syndrome leads a normal life and most of the children are happy.Moreover, a handicapped child is as normal as any other kid is andserves a purpose in life. The human life is sacred thus, abortionshould not take place in this scenario despite the defects of thechild.


Ethicaldilemmas are common decision making. In Christianity, the issue ofabortion remains one of the most controversial ethical dilemmas. Perthe Bible, abortion is prohibited and life must be protected for boththe born and unborn. Although Susan may experience challenges intaking care of the child, the child has very liberty to live. Infact, the child will lead a productive life once born, if raised in acaring environment thus, raising the child overshadows any otherdecision. The doctor may see the birth as unwarranted, but based onthe Christian worldview, it is morally and Biblically right to letthe child live. In this regards, Susan should follow the Christianworldview and fails to abort the child, as she will enjoy raising thechild. Moreover, her desire to have a baby will be fulfilled.


Camsosy,C.C. (2015). Beyondthe Abortion Wars: A Way Forward for a New Generation.Cambridge: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing co.

Christie,D. L. (2013). Changing Human Nature: Ecology, Ethics, Genes, and Godby James C. Peterson (review).&nbspJournalof the Society of Christian Ethics,&nbsp33(1),187-188.

Watt,H. (2015). TheEthics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: Exploring Moral Choicesin Childbearing.New York: Routledge