AMERICAN HISTORY 6
Section one Q 2.
The Native Americans had various aspects that made them vulnerableto the Europeans. To start with, the various tribes which formed theNative Americans were engaged in continuous conflicts amongstthemselves as they fought over land and food (Mihesuah, 2002). Thismeant that they lacked the necessary unity to resist and fight theEuropeans. This made it extremely easy for the Europeans to defeatthe disintegrated Americans.
The arrival of the Europeans was welcome by the Native Americans.This meant that the Natives interacted freely with the Europeansettlers. However, the Europeans brought diseases such as smallpox.The natives did not have any immunity against the diseases and thesediseases killed numerous Indian tribes (Mihesuah, 2002). This impliedthat when the war started, the Native Americans were extremely fewand therefore it was easy for the Europeans to defeat them.
Lastly, lack of weapons made the Native Americans vulnerable to theEuropeans. Research has indicated that the Europeans had betterweapons and possessed skills that enabled them to make better weaponsthan the Native Americans. This made it extremely easy for theEuropeans to defeat the Native Americans (Mihesuah, 2002). Due to thedisunity amongst the Native Americans, the Europeans took thisopportunity to kill as many Indians as possible and hence weakenedthem.
Section two Q 3
The British were losing the war in the northern parts and thereforedecided to take the war to the southern parts. The southern strategywas arrived at after the arrival of General Henry Clinton (Tonsetic,2013). The movement to the southern strategy was informed by thefact that the British were failing and losing the battle in thenorth. It was believed that there were more loyalists to the Britishin the south than in the north. This meant that the south would be abetter place and friendly to fight.
Although the British had some success in areas such as Savannah andCharleston, they later failed in the south just as they had failed inthe north. Various reasons were given as to why they failed. TheBritish hired soldiers who had no causes for fighting (Tonsetic,2013). On the other hand, the American soldiers had causes forfighting hence won the battle.
The British failed in the south due to the poor military decisionsthat the generals made. Research has indicated that some generalsreceived commands depending on whom they knew in the military ratherthan their knowledge in the war (Tonsetic, 2013). This compromisedthe war in the south hence making the British lose the war.
Section 3 Q 4
Women issues became extremely prominent as a result ofindustrialization. The development of industries and cities enabledwomen to perform same tasks as men. Women could now travel easilyusing bicycles unlike before when they could not ride horses.Industrialization created employment opportunities for women and thisempowered women greatly hence raising their issues suddenly (Coffin,2014).
Secondly, the industrialization process ensured that work oremployment was not only for survival and supporting the families, butit was indeed a fulfillment of a dream. Many women started working inorder to fulfill their dreams (Coffin, 2014). It would be essentialto note that women were contented with staying at home while the menworked in order to provide for them and their children. Women weresuddenly becoming envious of the roles played by men and also wantedto taste the benefits of employment.
Education was another factor that suddenly led to the women issuesduring the industrialization period in America. There were numerouswomen who were educated but were not employed since most of jobs thatwere available before industrialization were masculine and men onlyworked in order to provide for their families (Coffin, 2014).Education enabled the women to fight for their rights and seeks fundsthat enabled them to run campaigns and demonstrations seeking womenrights.
Section 4 Q 4.
It is evident that the end to slavery in the US took less than 5years after numerous years of oppression of the blacks and thedomination of the whites. The first reason as to why slavery endedwas the win of the Republican in the elections (Foner, 2010). It isessential to note that the republicans were antislavery and thereforea republican government contributed immensely to the end of slavery.
The civil war between the North and the south also contributed tothe end of slavery in America. The north won the war and consideringthat they were hostile to slavery gave them a chance over the southto abolish slavery (Foner, 2010). Slavery was made the main issue ofthe war by the Republican government and by President Lincoln henceleading to the end of slavery.
The Union policy towards slavery changed over the course of the wardue to the pressure from the freed slaves in the south. Additionally,the union had vowed to fight slavery and when the major issue of thewar become slavery, it was essential for the union to support the waron slavery in order to remain stable (Foner, 2010). The enslavedpeople also changed in the course of the war. When the south wasdefeated, the slaves got the power and the voice to force thegovernment to abolish slavery.
Coffin, J. G. (2014). The politics of women`s work: The Parisgarment trades, 1750-1915. Princeton, New Jersey: PrincetonUniversity Press.
Foner, E. (2010). The fiery trial: Abraham Lincoln andAmerican slavery. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Mihesuah, D. A. (2002). American Indians: Stereotypes &realities. Atlanta, Ga: Clarity.
Tonsetic, R. (2013). Special operations during the AmericanRevolution. Philadelphia: Casemate.