Analysis of Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Analysisof Autism Spectrum Disorder

Analysisof Autism Spectrum Disorder

Thepersistence of deficits in an individual’s communication and socialinteraction process characterizes autism disorder. Autism spectrumdisorder restricts the behavior of an individual as well as theinterest that a person might have. The symptoms of the disorder arevisible to the parents of an individual early in life. The symptomsshown by an individual can affect the patient’s occupational andsocial skills.

Descriptionof goals empowering individual’s with autism spectrum disorder

Education

Offeringeducation to the individual’s with autism spectrum disorder enablesthem to develop desirable behavior. The objective of training thestudents with autism spectrum disorder is to ensure behavior change(Blumberg et al., 2013 Wong et al., 2014). Negative behavior inlearners interferes with the learning process. Development of properalternatives to help the learners would be a better idea to help thestudents with autism spectrum disorder. The educators help thechildren with the formulation of visual charts for use by theindividual learner. Educators need to become the student’s bestfriend, in this relation the teacher would act as a parent outsidethe school. Teachers can take up the role of the parent when they arehired to help the child outside the school. Supervision of the childwithin and without the school setting is a teacher’sresponsibility. Relating to the roles of the teacher, Tracey wouldreach her goals in by means of being helped.

Employment

Creatingemployment for all people in the society is an indication ofequality. Discrimination of segments of the society into employmentcreates a sense of dissatisfaction. The importance offeringemployment opportunity to individuals living with autism spectrumdisorder enables them to live their individual dreams (Willey, 2014Wong et al., 2014). Employment opportunities for the people withautism spectrum disorder are an indicator of a society withintellectual disabilities.

Independentliving

Offeringpeople living with autism spectrum disorder an opportunity to liveindependently enables them to make decisions by themselves. In thisrelation, the patients would determine what they need in their newhomes. It also enables them to think about how to adapt to the newhomes. Adaptation involves positioning of reminders at strategicplaces in the house to help them remember.

Supportneeded by Tracey on job

Clusteredplacement

Traceywould require clustered placement on her job because she needs to besupervised in most occasions. In her condition, the clustered form ofplacement would help in that whenever she forgets to perform a duty,another employee steps in. A clustered placement would also helpTracey in her development, as support from employees would be timelyand effective. In this regard, the productivity of the organizationwould not fall due to her condition. Employees with the autismspectrum disorder require adequate supervision due to their condition(Blumberg et al., 2013). It is essential to supervise these patientscarefully as well as provide feedback on their behavior ordevelopment to enable an effective process for future. Thus,considering their ability to perform a task should also incorporatethe aspect of them being in a clustered placement. Shelteredemployment can also be beneficial to Tracey because it would give heran opportunity to work from a competitive environment. The shelteredenvironment helps the people employed with disabilities to becomemore productive away from the competitive work environment. However,Tracey does not require individual placement on the job since hercondition does not allow. She needs a person who can help her incommunication with the patients suffering from autism spectrumdisorder are not skilled in communication.

Residentialalternatives for people living with autism spectrum disorder

Apartmentliving

Residencein an apartment for a person living with autism spectrum disorderwould be best. This is because the patient would be safe in anapartment. Within the apartment, they are allowed the opportunity tointeract with other people. The residential apartment gives anindividual an ability to make decisions about what they need. Henceembracing the development of the patient’s well-being is important.The advantages of living in an apartment enable an individual tooperate according to their own perception of how life should bemanaged. An individual living alone in an apartment promotes theaspect of self-reliance.Living in an apartment would enable thepatient interact with other normal people and in this sense, theyforget that they are conditioned to a disorder. Hence, the patientsbegin living a normal life. Helping a person deal with the socialengagement challenges such as loneliness is a challenge to mostfamilies. Understanding the child with autism spectrum disorder is achallenge for most families. The children suffer psychologicalco-morbidities, which require expertise support. Inability to developfaster in terms of language improvement drains many families’finances. Lack of sufficient safe place for learning is a challengefor most families.

Componentsof behavior assessment for Tracey

Problembehavior

Dueto her condition, Tracey develops aggressive behavior and becomesviolent. The patent might hurt themselves and other people aroundthem if they are not supervised. Tracey occasionally gets involvedin head-banging and biting other people.

Interventionto reduce occurrence of the behavior

Toenable an individual change a behavior, first, they need to find outthe antecedents of the behavior. Realization of the triggers of abehavior in a person would lead to the identification of theconsequences of the behavior. Tracey’s condition would be triggeredby stress. Willey (2014) and Wong et al. (2014) contend that aninterpersonal communication directed towards these patients help inreducing aggression thus, encouraging the patient through effectivecommunication would greatly help. Clear communication andencouragement to share how she feels reduce her chances ofaggression. The family to the patient living with the condition ofAutism spectrum disorder can provide support by helping them improvetheir communication skills. Developments of pictures, which help thepatient in the communication of ideas, are significant (Blumberg etal., 2013 Wong et al., 2014). The family can also promote the socialinteraction skills by understanding the feelings of the patient.Helping the patient with academic skills is important to the patient.In this regard, the family of Tracey can help her through theimplementation of the programs.

Alternativebehavior to replace the problem behavior

Seekingguidance from other people would help in reducing the aggressivebehavior (Willey, 2014). In this relation, the individual would beable to understand that they are not the only people undergoingsimilar life-related problems. Therefore, the choice of communicatingher feelings to other people would help in seeking guidance.

Datacollection method

Toensure progressive steps in changing behavior are achieved, aninterviewing method would be effective. In this regard, Tracey wouldbe free to share her opinion about things that affect her. Moreover,an observation technique would supplement the survey, as it wouldsupport the findings from the interview. Through successive stages ofintervention, the patient would be able to change and report newlydeveloped behavior.

References

Blumberg,S. J., Bramlett, M. D., Kogan, M. D., Schieve, L. A., Jones, J. R., &ampLu, M. C. (2013). Changes in prevalence of parent-reported autismspectrum disorder in school-aged US children: 2007 to2011–2012.&nbspNationalhealth statistics reports,&nbsp65(20),1-7.

Willey,L. H. (2014).&nbspPretendingto be Normal: Living with Asperger`s Syndrome (Autism SpectrumDisorder) Expanded Edition.Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Wong,C. C. Y., Meaburn, E. L., Ronald, A., Price, T. S., Jeffries, A. R.,Schalkwyk, L. C., Plomin. R., &amp Mill, J. (2014). Methylomicanalysis of monozygotic twins discordant for autism spectrum disorderand related behavioral traits. Molecularpsychiatry,&nbsp19(4),495.