Analyzing the Film the Matrix based on Plato’s “Allegory of the cave”

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Analyzingthe Film the Matrix based on Plato’s &quotAllegory of the cave&quot

Analyzingthe Film the Matrix based on Plato’s &quotAllegory of the cave&quot

Thestory of Neo in the Matrix and “The Allegory of the Cave” areclosely related. Even though the story is different, the idea is thesame which is freeing the mind. The character Neo in the Matrix findshimself trapped in a false world created by a computer program from amachine that invaded the planet. Neo is unplugged or manages toescape the matrix, finds out the truth about the illusion world andgoes on a mission to save a human from their machine. In Plato’sstory “The Allegory of the Cave” one of the prisoners manages tofree himself and escape outside the cave. Free from the bonds thatheld him against the wall he begins to discover the real world anddistinguish it from the set of shadows which he previously thoughwere the reality. When reality dawns on him, he decides to go back tothe prisoners and free them by teaching them what he knows. Theprisoners in the cave thought the shadows from free people and statuereal so did Neo he thought the world he lived in was the reality andescapes the cave when he starts seeing the real world. Just like theprisoner who escaped Neo takes decides to save humanity by helpingthem identify the reality and escape ignorance and false reality. Themovie Matrix is without a doubt based on Greek philosophy of “TheAllegory of the Cave.”

Thedark cave is adapted by the Matrix where the Matrix prisoners are inchain literary, whereby one is not bound by physical but mentally byvirtue state which furthers the belief of these prisoners that theyare free thus prevents them from doing something to escape theprison. The film Matrix reveals that human think like a machine andthat machines possess’ human qualities. The human in the film isdriven by the machine without knowing. The movie somehow insinuatesthat human beings would still prefer the false reality created by themachine because it is less stressful to live in the real world.According to the Matrix even though people think that they interestedin the knowledge their brain activities are aimed at doing whatpleases them both emotionally and physically. It is for this reasonthat human beings are less interested in thinking about what causesthem stress. Also, though people would like to imagine that they areinterested in breaking free the reality is they are not interested indoing so because their bodies do not want what brings them stressthey want what gives them pleasure (Bainbridge, 2011).

Thetwo main characters in both stories that are Neo in the Matrix andthe prisoner in “The Allegory of the Cave” are chained and inbondage alongside their ignorant fellow human beings. But neither thepeople in the Matrix nor the prisoners are aware of their presentstatus as prisoners. The reality their hold is false for instance inthe Matrix, Neo, is told by Morpheus, “… you are a slave, Neo.&quothe continuous, &quotBorn into a prison that you cannot smell ortaste or touch. A prison for your mind (Joel. et al. 1999).” In the“The Allegory of the Cave,” Plato states “how could they seeanything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move theirheads (Plato, 2010).”

Thephilosophical perspectives present being discussed here in the twostories is realism. According to this perspective, the reality existsfree or independent of the mind of human beings. Thus, using thisperspective we can deduce that both Plato “The Allegory of theCave” story and the Matrix answers what is real. For instance, inthe Matrix two different worlds are compared to differentiate thereal world from the virtual world. The two different worlds make iteasier for Neo to discover what is real and what is not. Having twodifferent things to think about helps one to identify what is real.

Thematrix is a modern version of “The Allegory of the Cave” andshows how machine control human making them see only what they wantthem to see. This can strongly be linked to the prisoner who waschained to a wall in a cave and could only see shadows which theythought were the reality. To discover the true reality Neo in thematrix and the prisoner are brought into the light where they seekthe true reality. What is clear from both Plato allegory and thematrix is that those who are trapped in false reality do not evendiscover that they are trapped unless they are shown. Thus, the twostories help one to discover what is real.

Tosum up, Plato allegory is modernized by the Matrix story with themore humanistic appeal, and there many similarities between the twoand they both tackle the same metaphysical question. Both of themshow how individual perceive reality and distinguish between realityand what is a false reality. According to both of them, human beingshave the power to choose their reality based on their observation andto decide the reality from false reality.


Bainbridge,W. S. (2011). The virtual future. London: Springer.

JoelSilver (producer). Lana Wachowski and Lily Wachowski (Directors).(1999). The Matrix. United States: Warner Bros

Plato,. (2010). The allegory of the cave. Brea, CA: P &amp L Publication.