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Topic of Interest: Unemployment among Graduates

Asmare, Yohannes and Mulatie, Missaye. “A Tale of YouthGraduates Unemployment.” Journal of Human-Social Science14(2014): 47-51.

Research Question/Hypothesis:

There are two research questions in the article.

What are the contributing factors of youth graduates unemployment?

What are possible solutions, which are effective in solving theproblem?

Methods:

The study was conducted on 30 youth graduates who have been unable toget jobs. Questionnaires and interviews were used to question thegraduates on their job seeking methods. The study participants werealso required to explain why they think it has been impossible to getemployed and what can be done to improve the situation.

Results:

The study found that some of the reasons for unemployment among younggraduates include corruption, discrimination, poor connections andmismatch of education to required job skills. Youth who lackconnections to people who are employed or know employers are unableto get jobs. Most graduates apply for jobs that do not match theireducation skills, which results in lack of employment. The authoralso notes that the problem can be solved by fighting corruption andeliminating employment bias.

Critical Analysis:

The article effectively analyses why many youth graduates do not havejobs. In doing so, the author uses study participants that aredirectly affected by the issue, which enhances the accuracy of thearticle. The research questions have been answered in the resultssection of the article. The contributing factors of gradatejoblessness have been identified as discrimination, skills mismatch,lack of connections and corruption. In addition, alternativesolutions have been identified as fighting both discrimination andcorruption. Generally, the article addresses the issue of concernarticulately. It begins by introducing the problem and how it affectsunemployed graduates worldwide, and progresses to analyze the causesand solutions.

Mbah, Marcellus F. “The Dilemma of Graduate Unemployment withina Context of Poverty, Scarcity and Fragile Economy: Are there Lessonsfor the University?” International Journal of Economicsand Finance 6(2014): 27-36.

Research Question/Hypothesis:

How does the university enhance capacity and the ability to secureemployment, and at the same time contribute in increasing graduateunemployment?

Methods:

The article is a qualitative study. Data was collected throughsemi-structured interviews as well as focus groups. The study wasconducted for a period of 4 months and included 31 participants fromdiverse backgrounds. Participants were required to discuss theirperception of the role of universities and how it influencesemployability.

Results:

The article notes that the participants describe the university as aplace where people gain status build their capacity and enhance theireducation. Also, the article notes that most study participants viewattending university as important in securing employment. The authoruses the participants’ feedback to question why, despite thesignificance attached to university, many graduates continue to bejobless. The findings were that universities seem to focus onreleasing graduates, who are unprepared for employment or creatingtheir own jobs, which leads to the rise in graduate unemployment.

Critical Analysis:

The article uses focus group discussions and interviews to researchon the perceived role of universities among students. It is aneffective way of ensuring that the students express their ideas andviews without limitations. For instance, the use of questionnaires inplace of focus groups would have limited the response from studyparticipants to simply answering the questions. The author does agood job in connecting the perceived role of university to a rise ingraduate unemployment. It is apparent that many students viewuniversity education as important in capacity building. However,universities have failed in ensuring that they build the neededcapacity in students, which has resulted in joblessness.

Razak, Mohamad., Yusof, Asliza., Syazana, Wan Nor., Jaafar, WanEffa and Talib, Adi. “Factors Influencing Unemployment amongGraduates in Malaysia – An Overview.” Journal ofEconomics and Sustainable Development 11(2014): 168-173.

Research Question/Hypothesis:

There is a correlation between job mismatch, English proficiency andemployability skills to graduate unemployment among Malaysiangraduates.

Methods:

The study population comprised of 50 employees and employers. Theauthors used questionnaires to obtain feedback from the studyparticipants. The questionnaires comprised of multiple choicequestions requiring the participants to select among the threevariables identified in the hypothesis, which they think has agreater influence on employment. Once the questionnaires werecollected, the likert scale was employed in categorizing theresponses.

Results:

The article finds a correlation between job mismatch, Englishproficiency and employability skills to joblessness among graduates.The authors note that a graduate is highly likely to miss theopportunity to get employed when they do not match the needed skillsfor a job, are not proficient in English, and lack the skills soughtby an employer.

Critical Analysis:

The article is reliable because the results support the hypothesis.It is apparent that proficiency in English, having employable skillsand matching the job are important factors in influencing employment.The variables have been used to explain why many graduates inMalaysia are unable to secure employment. The research findings aresignificant because they address the issue of unemployment amonggraduates. It significantly informs on why graduates are likely tomiss an employment opportunity. Hence, unemployed graduates can usethe results of the study to improve their skills and becomeemployable. Although the article focuses on graduates in Malaysia,the same issues discussed are apparent in other countries. The authordoes a good job of using employers and employees as studyparticipants. It is an effective way of determining why employers donot employ graduates. Also, the use of multiple choice questionnairesenhances the possibility that employers will give their feedbacktruthfully.

Yarima, Yakubu A. “Socio-Economic Effects of Unemployment amongthe Youth in Nigeria.” Journal of Contemporary Issues inBusiness Research 3(2014): 240-249.

Research Question/Hypothesis:

The article comprises of three research questions.

How does unemployment influence the socio-economic life of youths?

What is the relationship between joblessness and engaging in crimeamong unemployed graduates?

Is engagement in social vices correlated to unemployment?

Methods:

The study targeted 500 participants. However, only 286 were able togive their feedback. The author used questionnaires to obtainfeedback from participants on their beliefs and thoughts concerninghow unemployment affects the unemployed.

Results:

The results indicate mixed opinions on unemployment in society. Mostof the study participants agree that unemployment is a socialproblem. Concerning its correlate to crime and social vices, somesupport a positive correlation, while others argue that there is nocorrelation. However, a higher percentage of the study participantsagreed that there is a positive correlation between wrongdoing andjoblessness.

Critical Analysis:

By using questionnaires, the author manages to respond to the studyquestions. It is apparent that joblessness has a higher likelihood ofencouraging engagement in crime among unemployed youths. The articledoes not focus on the causes of graduate unemployment. Instead ittakes a different approach and discusses how unemployment couldresult in negative impacts on the jobless. Apart from having to dealwith the issue of unemployed graduates, countries may also have todeal with insecurity due to crimes committed by the graduates. Hence,it is apparent from the article that increased rates of unemploymentare likely to cause an increase in crime, which further intensifiesthe global problem.

Bibliography

Asmare, Yohannes and Mulatie, Missaye. “A Tale of Youth GraduatesUnemployment.” Journal of Human-Social Science 14(2014):47-51.

Mbah, Marcellus F. “The Dilemma of Graduate Unemployment within aContext of Poverty, Scarcity and Fragile Economy: Are there Lessonsfor the University?” International Journal of Economics andFinance 6(2014): 27-36.

Razak, Mohamad., Yusof, Asliza., Syazana, Wan Nor., Jaafar, Wan Effaand Talib, Adi. “Factors Influencing Unemployment among Graduatesin Malaysia – An Overview.” Journal of Economics andSustainable Development 11(2014): 168-173.

Yarima, Yakubu A. “Socio-Economic Effects of Unemployment among theYouth in Nigeria.” Journal of Contemporary Issues in BusinessResearch 3(2014): 240-249.