Bullying and Association with Violence and Criminality

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ARTICLE SUMMARY ON BULLYING 1

In their article, Bullying in Early Adolescence and ItsAssociation with Antisocial Behavior, Criminality, And Violence 6 and10 Years, Jennifer Renda,&nbspSuzanne Vassallo, and&nbspBenEdwards assess the correlation between harassment and consequentasocial behavior. In fact, the authors provide the correlationbetween adolescent bullying and engaging in criminal activities at alater stage. The paper summarizes the arguments and analysis providedby the authors.

Researchers have studied the effect of bullying on victims greatly,but unfortunately, they have failed to study the effect of bullyingon bullies. However, the few existing longitudinal studies on theeffect of bullying on bullies show that bullies have intensified riskof engaging in consequent asocial and criminal behaviors. Renda,Vassallo and Edwards (2011) assert that the current research studiesboth females and males, predominantly to fill the gap on previousstudies. To illustrate the correlation between bullying andcriminality, the authors recruited 2443 children between 13-14 yearsand then studied again after 10 years. The authors show that malesare at a high risk of bullying than females. Males also tend to showcriminal and anti-social behaviors than females, perhaps because ofthe fact that males tend to bully more than females. Moreover, theauthors show that bullies aged 19-20 had high rates of criminalviolence, asocial behavior, and contact with police than those aged23-24. The information shows that engaging in bullying tends toaffect adolescents in a negative manner, after which they develophigh inclinations to criminal activities.

The authors assert that adolescent bullies tend to show asocialbehaviors even when control variables are included at a later stagewith those at age 23-24 showing slighter correlations than those at19-20. On the other hand, bullies reveal a significant, yet a mediumor small correlation to criminal violence, which weakens and becomesstatistically insignificant when control variables are included.Regarding contact with courts or police, the authors found a highcorrelation with bullying, which weakened after the inclusion ofcontrol variables. These statistics shows that a considerablecorrelation exists between bullying and consequent asocial andcriminal behaviors. In fact, adolescents aged between 13 and 14 yearsare at a great risk of engaging in aggressive or criminal acts aswell as experience contact with law enforcers at a later age, in thiscase, at age 19-20 or 23-24. Moreover, the authors assert that moremales tend to bully as well as show high correlation between bullyingand criminal behaviors than females. On the other hand, the authorsshow that when control variables are included such as peers andfamilies, the illustration of antisocial behaviors weaken.

The authors endeavor to depict the negative implications on bullies.The illustration shows that bullying is a serious and harmfulactivity, which affects not only the victims, but also the bullies.The study provides proof that bullying among juveniles may be anindicator of risk for ongoing pattern of criminal or antisocialbehavior. In fact, the authors show that bullying affects thecomportments of the bullies especially in regards to their laterbehaviors. As such, the authors suggest intervention efforts as meansof inhibiting bullying among adolescents. In the model, the authorssuggest the use of families and peers as means of inhibitingbullying, which ultimately reduces the implications of bullying toboth the bullies and the victims.

References

Renda, J., Vassallo, S., &amp Edwards, B. (2011). Bullying in earlyadolescence and its association with antiā€socialbehavior, criminality and violence 6 and 10 years later.&nbspCriminalBehavior and Mental Health,&nbsp21(2), 117-127.