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PeaceStudies Theory

Journal#: Question 8

Thenotion that Weimberg/ Ryan documentary supports or undermines the tenets of human natureor cognitive theory will depend on the judgment of the viewer.According to me, it supports the doctrine nature of humans, which isto live in peace and harmony (Genest 547-583).

Thedocumentaries is a self-revelation of the encounters of armedsoldiers in war-torn regions. It is dubbed, “Soldiers ofConscience.” Basically, the film presents the dilemma that facesthe soldiers in battles fields. Is there a right time to kill or torefuse to harm? Such questions convey the level of compassion andconscience that humans ought to possess. It is a moral dilemma whenyou have to make a decision between following orders and followingyour own conscience. The demand for duty roles drives the conflictbut the film gives us a clear perspective of the sympathy and guiltthat these soldiers face in the process of war.

Humannature supports peace at most times. The prevalence of peace enablesdevelopments. In contrast, conflicts ruin peace and deraildevelopment. Thereis a dividing tension that surrounds the essence of valuing the lifeof an enemy or killing him/her. In the documentary film, after WorldWar II, there is evidence that 75% of combat soldiers fail to kill anenemy, if given the chance. So, this is a link between human natureand war. This theory is supported by the number of soldiers thatforsaken the Iraqi war and declared not to participate in it.Conclusively, it is rational to imply that cognitively, humans arecognitively wired to avoid destructive activities (Genest 547-583).


Genest.,M.A. Conflictand Cooperation: Evolving Theories of International Relations,2ndedition Chapter10, pp. 547-583, 2003.Print