CRITICAL THINKING 1
The concept of critical thinking has been in existence for the past2500years. Mid-late 20th century is the roots for the term criticalthinking. An overlapping definitions have been offered, togetherwhich form transdisciplinary, substantive idea of critical thinking.In an article by William Sumner-2006, defined critical thinking as,‘the testing and examination of the proposition of a particularkind that is offered for acceptance, to unearth out whether theycorrespond to truth or not’. The critical power is a product oftraining and education. It is a mental power and ability (Field,2010). It is a prime state of human wellbeing that both women and menneed to be trained in it. It brings guarantee against deception,superstition, misapprehension, and delusion of people themselves andtheir earthly circumstance (Field, 2010).
Using the above definition, critical thinking means rational,self-guided thinking, which reasons to the premier level of qualityin an open-minded way. In real world situation, people who thinkcritically consistently they attempt to live logically, rationallyand empathically. Moreover, they are keenly conscious of thenaturally flawed nature of human reasoning if left unchecked.Furthermore, such people strive to weaken the power of theirself-centered and sociocentric tendencies (Field, 2010). They tend toapply rational tools that are offered by critical thinking. Thisincludes the principles and concepts, which enable them to access,analyze and improve thinking. These people are known to workconscientiously to develop the relational virtues of intellectualhumility, intellectual sense of justice, intellectual integrity,intellectual civility and confidence in reason (Jung & Wu, 2014).They try to improve the world in many ways, and they contribute toadditional rational and civilized society.
Moreover, critical thinkers recognize the complexities, which arenaturally available while thinking critically (Sarivaara &Keskitalo, 2016). They evade thinking simplistically about manycomplicated issues, try to consider the needs, and rights ofsignificant others. They recognized the complexities in attaining asthinkers and entrust themselves to practice responsible forself-improvement. These people understand that it is not worth tolive unexamined life since many unexamined lives when joint togetherleads the unjust, uncritical and dangerous world (Sarivaara &Keskitalo, 2016).
Field, J.(2010). Listening in the language classroom. ELTjournal, 64(3),331-333.
Jung, E. H.,& Wu, M. (2014). The effects of source cues on online news perception. Computersin Human Behavior, 38,358-367.
Sarivaara,E., & Keskitalo, P. (2016). Mediating Structures in SámiLanguage Revitalisation. Social Inclusion, 4(1),11-18.