ETHICAL STUDY 4
The question of whether it is ethical to feed the farmed fish thealready dwindling low value fish can be answered or looked at fromtwo different perspectives. On one hand, there are arguments thatsupport this idea while on the other, there are opponents to thisidea. It is evident that the demand for seafood across the world isextremely high and therefore the only way that this demand can be metis through fish farming (Mirto et al., 2010). Some of the fish rearedin the fish farms can only feed on other fish and therefore it isethical to use the low value or the non value fish as food the farmedfish. A good example, Tuna and salmon farmed fish can only feed onthe non value herring and anchovies fish.
Secondly, the business of fish farming is lucrative both to thefarmers and to the country that exports fish to other countries. Inthis regard, the country gains in terms of it economy. Additionally,the business of aquaculture or fish farming provides a country’spopulation with the essential food that contains omega-3 components(Mirto et al., 2010). It is clear that fish is a delicacy fornumerous people in countries such as China. There is no doubt thatmany countries are suffering from food shortage and this implies thatthe seafood is a solution to many. The argument here is that therewould be no need to preserve non value fish while they would be fedto farmed fish that are beneficial to human beings.
Fish farming creates employment for numerous people. It is clearthat unemployment is one of the key challenges for most countriesincluding the US. Youths are majorly affected by this problem. Fishfarming, which uses non value fish to feed the farmed fish, createsnumerous employment opportunities. This asserts that it is ethical tofeed farmed fish with the reducing non value fish.
On the other hand, it is clear that the non valuable fish arereducing at an alarming rate and this may lead to their depletion. Itis essential to note that there is a food chain in the sea world andthe depletion of the non valuable fish will disrupt this food chain.For example, the seabirds, cod and seals rely solely on fish as theirsource of food (Mirto et al., 2010). It follows then that thedepletion of the non valuable fish will put the lives of theseanimals at risk of starvation. It is therefore totally unethical forfish farmers to use the non valuable fish as food for farmed fish.
Another argument against the aspect of feeding non valuable fish tothe farmed fish is that the benefits gained from farmed fish are notmuch as it is claimed. The farmed fish spread diseases to the seafish and this contributes to their depletion (Mirto et al., 2010).Additionally, the chemicals used in fish farms find their way intothe sea hence threatening more aquatic life. This implies that thedecision to feed farmed fish with non valuable fish is unethical.
A refute to this counter argument is that there are numerous peoplewho rely on fish farming for food and employment. There are numerousbenefits to fish farming. The issue of chemicals getting to the seawhere fish are reared does not hold much water (Mirto et al., 2010).This is because the fish farms could be regulated by the governmentto reduce chemical disposals.
Mirto, S., Bianchelli, S., Gambi, C. et al. (2010). Fish-farmimpact on metazoan Meiofauna in the Mediterranean Sea: Analysis ofregional vs. habitat effects. Marine Environmental Research. 69:38-47.