Fall Risk Assessment.
Fallsare an indication of fragility, immobility, and acute and chronichealth deterioration in geriatric people. Falls reduce thefunctioning of a person by causing injury, limiting what one can do,immobility and fear of falling. Injuries that result from falls andosteoporosis include fractures of the hip, forearms, and pelvis(Toyabe, 2010).
Jenniferis a 50 year female patient at Melbourne center. She has beencomplaining of back pains and is at risk of falls. To assess the riskof fall of the patient information on the patient was collected fromthe health center`s records. These included thehistory ofinstability, confusion, physical and visionary impairment, lower andupper limb weakness.
Theadvantage of FRAX is that it can be used without using informationfrom Bone Mineral Deposits and it is adjusted fordifferentethnicities. The FRAX score was based on a five yearprobability of major osteoporotic fractureoccurring according to bodymass index.It was noted that the patient had suffered one fall duringthe past six months.She had suffered from aperipheral fracturewhichbroke her hip bone during the first fall. Her FRAX score wasrelatively high. This was confirmed by a conventional multiplelogistic analysis to the fracture after the fall she suffered and thetime between admission and the event. The result showed that she wasat a high risk of suffering from fractures. Berg Balance Scale asalso used to assess the risk of fall fractures. The differenttasksgiven to her included sitting to standing, standing whileunsupported, standing with feet together, standing while eyes closed,retrieving object from floor and turning 360 degree (Karl ,Zylstra&John, 2000). She was graded according to her performance. Theresults showed that the patient had weak balance. She had a high riskof suffering from falls.
Thepatient was very cooperative. It was recommended that in order forher to curb the risk she would be required to join a program forpatients with bone fragilities as well as program to predict falls.
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