GLOBALWARMING: The Effects of Human actions of polluting the Earth’sEnvironment
GLOBALWARMING: The Effects of Human actions of polluting the Earth’sEnvironment
Thepeople in the world are increasingly becoming aware of the dangers ofglobal warming resulting from human action that pollutes the naturalenvironment. As a result, groups of concerned people have cometogether to sensitize the others to campaign for reduction ofpollution mechanisms on the earth’s surface. What is more is thatsuch groups continue to implore and or protest against actions bygovernments and companies in the private sector that result infurther pollution of the earth’s natural environment. It isimportant to mention that global warming is associated with meltingand destruction of ice masses in the north and south poles of theearth. Over the past years, there has been a growing interest amongoil companies to drill the Arctic to pursue oil resources. This hascaused much destruction of the ice in these places. Furthermore, thedrilling machines and ships also cause destruction of the environmentsince they often cause oil spills in this areas, endangering thelives of marine animals (Merrill, 2009).
Scientistsand scholars from all over the world are confident that humanactivity remains the main cause of the global warming problem anddeterioration of the earth’s environment because of pollution.There have been recorded declines in the quality of air, water andeven soil because of pollution. Alternatives of curbing the menaceinvolve substituting the use of oil and petroleum products with othergreen sources of energy like wind and solar energy. A problematiceffect associated with global warming is the constant change ofclimate that has been witnessed over the past years or decadesweather patterns are apparently changing for the worse. Inparticular, the Arctic’s polar ice caps and other mountain glacierskeep on melting at an increasing pace, leading to the rise of oceaniclevels all over the world due to increases in temperature. The otherweather phenomena that associate with the rise in ocean levelsinvolve increased occurrences of cyclones, tornados, tsunamis andother calamitous weather disasters (Nick, et al., 2013).
Inan article by Srivastava (2015), we see members of the public orrather activists in America coming out to protest against actions ofpolluting the Arctic by the Shell Company. The company deploysdrilling ships to some sites in the arctic. Apparently, theoperations of these machines have resulted in some damages on thearctic ice environment already by causing oil spillages (Song,Banerjee, & Hasemyer, 2015). During the activism incidentelaborated by Srivastava (2015), the activists opted to hang belowthe “St. John’s Bridge in Portland, Oregon” others-“kayaktivists”, stayed on the water. Their actions weresuccessful in inhibiting a Shell drilling ship, “MVS Fennica”from departing to the arctic. The activists stayed put for up totwenty-nine hours, ensuring that two attempts by the ship to set sailare unfruitful.
Duringthe incident, other members of the public are seen offering theirsupport to the activists- a clear indication that people areconcerned with pollution of the natural environment, and that theyare willing to engage in monitoring the situations that occur in thedifferent places of the world. As hinted before, an increasing numberof people are becoming aware that environmental pollution is acrucial aspect that affects the wellbeing of the present world andthe life forms herein. Song, Banerjee, & Hasemyer (2015) revealthat in 1982, Exxon Research and Engineering had confirmed that thedanger of global warming would increase significantly to “400 partsper million of carbon dioxide (CO2)in the air by 2010”. The actual outcome that was witnessed by thetime revealed that the prediction, which was based on investigationsusing In-House Climate Models, was indeed precise. According to theinvestigations, Steve Knisely (an Exxon intern at the time), suchcould have been downscaled by reduced use of fossil fuels.
Itis important to note that there have been many other subsequentdemonstrations and activisms held in relation to monitoring pollutionand quality use of the earth’s natural environment and orresources. Undeniably, more actions seem to be needed agreementslike the Kyoto Protocol seem to have been forgotten and deemed astotal failures. It must be remembered that noteworthy countries likethe United States, Canada and those in the European Union show littleconcern for enforcing agreements that have so far been established toprotect the environment. In the case of the Shell company drill ship,protestors called on president Obama to initiate effort of stoppingdrilling plans in the Arctic. A Greenpeace USA executive director,Annie Leonard is quoted saying, ““This is President Obama’slast chance to wake up and realize the disaster that could happen onhis watch… There is still time for our President to cancel Shell’slease to drill in the Arctic, living up to the climate leader we knowhe can be.” (Srivastava, 2015).
Anappalling aspect to note is that this change in climate could havebeen curbed in one way or another, owing to scientific forecasts byorganizations like Exxon. A critical aspect to remember is that bythe year 1981, Exxon scientists were adamant and confident that therising carbon emissions into the earth’s environment would resultin catastrophic impacts that would trouble life forms on the planet(Song, Banerjee, & Hasemyer, 2015). These impacts would becritical during moments of the 21stCentury and could only be controlled by reducing the emission ofcarbon chemicals by burning of oils, gas and even coal. The ExxonCompany, perhaps due to reduced facilitation and support fromgovernments and other related organs of the private sector reducedits initiatives in investigating the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2)into the oceans or seas. Indeed, the endeavor must have been costlysince the company was basing its research on the use of computerizedclimate models that strived to stimulate the manner in which theglobal climate would change owing to carbon emissions (Song,Banerjee, & Hasemyer, 2015).
Itmust be remembered that emissions of carbon monoxide also occur whenfossil fuels are burnt- like in the case of use of motor vehicles andother industrial appliances. This continues to be the case even asmost people in the world today are conscious of the greenhouseeffect. Just as Exxon’s scientists predicted, the elements ofpollution have already caused noticeable damage to the earth’senvironment. In 1981, scientist Werner Glass stated, “the rise inglobal temperatures would begin to be noticed in a few decades… themagnitude of the change would be catastrophic in the early years(Song, Banerjee, & Hasemyer, 2015). Undeniably, globaltemperatures have risen and they continue to rise.
Clearly,the implications of pollution of the earth’s environment bear onlynegative effects on life forms that exist on the planet. Aside fromthe mentioned carbon chemicals, many other chemical constituents arereleased into the earth’s environment because of human action.These include but are not limited to emissions of methane gas,nitrogen dioxides and sulfur dioxides inter alia. A disturbing factis that a good number of people on the planet tend to disregard theeffects of human actions on the environment, both in the short termand in the long-term (Silver, & DeFries, 1992). For this reason,those who campaign for a greener and safer environment, like theactivists who hanged on the St. John Bridge should be regarded asheroes. More activities like this ought to be carried out both in thedeveloped and the developing regions of the world- in an effort ofcurbing and or preventing human action that cause devastating impactson the planet, endangering the existence of and wellbeing of lifeforms herein.
Merrill,R. (2009). EnvironmentalEpidemiology: Principles and Methods. London:Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Nick,F. M., Vieli, A., Andersen, M. L., Joughin, I., Payne, A., Edwards,T. L., … & van de Wal, R. S. (2013). Future sea-level rise fromGreenland/`s main outlet glaciers in a warmingclimate. Nature, 497(7448),235-238.
Silver,C. S., & DeFries, R. S. (1992). OneEarth, One Future: Our Changing Global Environment.National Academies Press.
Song,L., Banerjee, N., and Hasemyer, D. (2015). Exxon: The Road not Taken.InsideClimate News.Retrieved Online fromhttp://insideclimatenews.org/news/18092015/exxon-confirmed-global-warming-consensus-in-1982-with-in-house-climate-models
Srivastava,R. (2015). Activists Hanging From A Bridge Force Arctic Drilling ShipTo Turn Around. ClimateProgress.Retrieved Online fromhttp://thinkprogress.org/climate/2015/07/30/3686177/shell-arctic-drilling-ship-halted-by-protesters/