Iron Deficiency Anemia

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IronDeficiency Anemia

Anemiadeficiency is a disease that occurs when the body has an insufficientsupply of iron caused by blood loss, poor diet or inability of thebody to absorb iron from the food. Iron deficiency can causecomplications like poor growth, fatigue, heart problems andinfections caused by insufficient supply of oxygen. Nutritionalproblems related to iron deficiency include loss of appetite andcravings for things that are non-nutritive like dirt or clay. Thedietary needs of the patient will be addressed by increasing the ironintake by adding iron-rich foods to the diet. Iron deficiency willalso be corrected through the inclusion of foods rich in Vitamin Cand reduction of caffeine in the diet to aid in the absorption ofiron in the foods. Diet adjustment will also cater for other bodilyfunctions and hence some food will address normal diet needs.


  • Iron-fortified oatmeal with raisins

  • Whole grain toast

  • Orange juice

  • Whole milk

  • Oatmeal- fortified is rich in iron which is essential in correcting the deficiency. Oat is rich in fiber that aids digestion and aids in reducing cholesterol levels. It is rich in Mn, Mg, and Mb which are useful in enzymatic activities in the body. K in oat plays a role in enzymatic activities and regulates blood pressure. Reduces the risk of heart diseases. Oatmeal stabilizes blood sugar because it contains beta-glucan.

  • Raisins- sources of energy and rich in antioxidants which reduce free radicals hence plays a role in cancer prevention. Contains Oleanolic Acid a phytochemical responsible for protecting teeth against decay, brittleness, and cavities. Rich in Cu, which helps in iron absorption and tissue production. Rich in Bo which is effective in promoting strong teeth, absorption of Ca and bones and preventing bacterial growth. Red and purple rich in anthocyanin which has anti-cancer properties. Helps in digestion by reducing constipation. Fiber present in raisins also help in bile excretion and stimulates burning of cholesterol hence good cardiac health. Contains iron which plays a role in treating Anemia.

  • Whole grain toast- Contains high fiber hence aids in bowel movement and maintaining healthy bacteria in the colon. It reduces the risk for heart diseases, diabetes, obesity, and stroke.

  • Orange Juice- Rich in Vitamin C which is vital for absorption of iron and hence useful in correcting the deficiency. Source of K, which lowers blood pressure and beneficial on cardiovascular health. Contains folate which is useful in preventing and treating iron deficiency.

  • Milk- Calcium and vitamin D useful in teeth and bone development. Contains phosphorous and potassium. It is rich in vitamin A assisting in vision and blood clotting. Vitamin A is also useful in cell differentiation, immunity, and bone health. B vitamins 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 12 that work together to produce energy by aiding metabolic function and food absorption. B1 keeps mucous membrane healthy and helps in digestion of fat and proteins. Taking whole milk helps meet daily dietary needs and is bodybuilding because it is rich in proteins.


  • Mixed nuts

  • Boiled egg

  • Green tea

  • Mixed nuts- rich in Mg and Zn. Mg has a role in regulating blood sugar, blood pressure and maintains functioning of muscles and nerves. Zn assists in growth and development as well as immune health. Has high fiber hence useful in digestion. They are rich in calories and hence are a source of energy. The source of chromium useful in addressing diabetes by helping insulin in the body. Source of Vitamin E lowers risk for cancer, dementia, and heart disease and prevents cell damage.

  • Egg- rich in Iodine which helps regulate muscle, nerve and heart functions hence has an influence on heart and nerve diseases. Rich source of B7 which maintains healthy hair and nails. Rich source of proteins.

  • Tea- it is a source of water as well as antioxidants like flavonoids which assist in inhibiting oxidation. Green tea also has health benefits in relation to cancer prevention, clogged arteries, and heart diseases.


  • Sliced strawberries

  • Beef stew

  • Steamed Spinach

  • Brown rice

  • Yoghurt

  • Strawberries- rich in vitamin C, which helps in the absorption of iron in the other foods and disease prevention. They contain folate B9, which would help in addressing iron deficiency by increasing iron available. They are rich in antioxidants leading to decreased oxidative stress in the body. Also beneficial in blood sugar control and reduce risks of heart diseases and cancer.

  • Beef- rich in iron which is effective in prevention and treatment of iron deficiency. A source of Selenium that regulates thyroid hormones has an antioxidant role and may help in fighting cancer. Has Zn that is beneficial in DNA and RNA synthesis, maintaining a healthy immune system and plays a role in preventing macular degeneration. Contains B12, which plays a role in the functioning of the brain, nervous system, and blood formation. Contains Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids that are components of cell membranes. Moreover, helps in prevention of heart disease. Omega 3 fatty acids are also responsible for making hormones responsible for blood clotting, inflammation and contraction and relaxation of artery walls. Has Phosphorous that is useful for body maintenance and growth. A source of protein useful in body building. Contains fats used in body functions.

  • Spinach- rich in Fe that is useful in correcting anemia. It also contains K and Mg, which are responsible for various metabolic functions in the body. Source of Vitamin A useful in immune function, growth, and reproduction and K useful in blood clotting, red blood cells synthesis and bone health. Vitamin K aids in iron deficiency by controlling the cause of the disease. Has anti-carcinogenic effects.

  • Brown rice- contains fiber which is known to reduce cholesterol levels. It prevents atherosclerosis a disease characterized by fat-clogged arteries. Fiber also helps in balancing blood sugar hence an excellent choice for diabetic people. Reduces the risk of developing type 2 Diabetes. Contains antioxidants that prevent cells from oxidation damage.

  • Yogurt- rich in vitamin D and Ca that are important for growth and development as well as bone and teeth strength. Prevents osteoporosis as a health benefit. The probiotics in yogurt help gastrointestinal conditions, boost immune system, and reduce disease severity. It reduces the risk of stroke, heart diseases, and high blood pressure.


  • Mashed potatoes

  • Steamed broccoli and carrots

  • Apple

  • Fried Beef Liver

  • Hot cocoa with milk

  • Potatoes- rich in carbohydrates which are energy giving foods and maintain glucose levels in the blood. Potatoes are a very rich source of potassium which is useful in lowering blood pressure by causing excretion of excess sodium. Contains phytonutrients like flavonoids, carotenoids, and caffeic acid which promote good health. Has Vitamin B6, which is useful in maintaining nervous system health and brain functioning. Contains vitamin C that has immunity functions like preventing scurvy. Has high fiber content hence useful in digestion and also in reducing cholesterol in the body.

  • Broccoli- it reduces the risk for diseases like diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. Lower risk for colon and lung cancer because it contains sulfur. Source of chromium that controls blood sugar. Broccoli also contains folate which is compound addressing iron supply in the body. It is rich in Vitamin C which assists in the absorption of iron hence addressing Anemia. Has natural fiber which contributes towards detoxification and maintains a healthy digestive system, reduce constipation and lower risk for colon cancer. Contains vitamin K, which is useful in blood clotting and preventing excessive bleeding.

  • Carrots- Rich in antioxidants hence reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer and protect cells from damage. Antioxidants in carrots may also improve immune functions and delay aging. Rich in vitamin A beta-carotene useful for good eyesight, healthy skin, teeth. Has anti-inflammatory effects.

  • Apple- it is a good source of vitamin C and dietary fiber hence useful in preventing obesity, cancer and heart disease risks. Apples reduce bad LDL cholesterol and promote absorption of good HDL cholesterol. Apples also have soluble fiber like pectin which prevents cholesterol build up in blood vessels. The vitamin C is also useful in aiding absorption of iron. It contains polyphenols useful in preventing degenerative diseases. The antioxidants present also help lower the risk of asthma.

  • Liver- rich in proteins useful in body building, making enzymes, antibodies, and hormones. Contains B12 useful in making red blood cells and producing genetic materials RNA and DNA. Rich source of B7 useful in energy metabolism. Rich in vitamin A responsible for vision, immunity reproductive functions. Has Zinc, which aids cellular metabolism, the creation of genetic material, cell division, and wound healing. Rich in iron which is important in addressing the iron deficiency. Iron is also a component of hemoglobin, participates in oxidation-reduction reactions, plays a role in immunity and needed for brain function. Has Selenium that assists in fighting cellular damage and prevents heart disease and cancer because of antioxidants. Contains riboflavin which maintains skin health and vision and helps in the metabolism of food.

  • Contains milk nutrients including Calcium and Vitamin D. also contributes towards water needs. Source of Copper which synthesizes melanin and hence prevention of skin cancer. Copper also plays a role in blood clotting and a healthy immune system hence useful in addressing blood loss as a cause of Anemia. Cocoa is a source of Cl for blood pressure regulation and maintaining fluid balance. Source of Na which influences blood pressure, sends nerve impulses and balances fluids in the body.

Water recommended eight glasses of water during the day

  • Water- prevents dehydration by rehydrating the body. It is also a medium for metabolic activities in the body. Water aids in the movement of water soluble nutrients in the body for absorption. It also aids in the digestion of food. Contains some minerals that are essential in the body. It is useful in temperature regulation and maintenance of other body functions. Water also helps in getting rid of body waste. Source of Flouride for strong teeth.






  5. Power points chapters 9-13