TheImportant Concepts of
refers to the ability and knowhow of a person to give direction to agroup of other people appropriately. It is also defined as theability to influence people for them to achieve some set goals. It isalso crucial to note that leadership is a continual process whereindividuals learn how they can perfect their skills in leadingothers. Typically, most of the good leaders are born with theseleadership traits then they perfect them with the progress of time(Schneider,et al. 2012).
Someof the theories of leadership include:
TraitTheory:this theory is based on the characteristics that an individualpossesses regarding how they conduct themselves regularly. Thistheory mostly considers ambition and the energy personality of thecandidate. It majors on intellectual characteristics such asintegrity and honesty that separate non-leaders from the realleaders. Other major traits include intelligence and self-confidence.
Behavioraltheory: Unlikethe trait theory that believes that leaders are only born and thatthey cannot be made, this theory clearly stipulates that the traitsof leadership can be taught and practiced. Concerning this theory, itis also clear that particular characteristics of the leaders canseparate the leaders from the non-leaders (Keohane,2015).
Itis crucial for an effective leader to know that it is normally thefollowers that determine whether they are successful leaders or not.Therefore, it is critical for them to understand their capabilitiesand what is expected of them. In turn, effective leaders will get toknow that in most cases, it is always about their followers and thusthey have to put aside their personal interests and satisfy the wishof the majority.
Thisis another main pillar for leadership that the effective leadersought to put into consideration. This implies that the leaders aresupposed to understand the nature of their followers and try to treatthem accordingly. Effective leaders are capable of understanding thehuman nature of various employees and have an allowance for themsince different people have their humanity. Therefore, they shouldunderstand this fact such as the emotions and needs of theirfollowers so that they can lead them appropriately.
Thisis one of the primary factors that largely contribute to theattaining of the set goals. There are two major types ofcommunication are verbal and non-verbal communication. Leaders shouldlearn how to integrate the two effectively so that they canstrengthen the relationship between them and their followers.
Thisis typically one of the factors that separate the leaders from thenon-leaders. Leaders should be able to analyze different situationsand make the most appropriate decisions for their teams. This isbecause there are different forms of occasions that call fordifferent judgments.
Autocraticmanagement style- inthis style, leaders dictate to their followers, and they make thedecisions without any consultation. Normally, it decreases themotivation of the followers.
Democratic/participativemanagement style-this is the contrary of the first style where the leader givesmaximum authority to the followers to finish their work. The staff isexpected to complete the work using their methods and on time. Here,the followers have a chance to participate in the decision-making ofthe organization (Schneider,et al. 2012).
competency and skills
Typically,it describes the leadership skills and their competencies thatfacilitate good leadership. For one to be described as an effectiveleader at any level, they are supposed to be competent enough to leadtheir followers. Thus, they are supposed to possess some of thetraits that are discussed below.
Interpersonalskills-this describes the social intelligence of the leader, but they arelargely linked to their social effectiveness. It also shows the softskills of the manager that are illustrated by their interpersonalskills. To develop this, they ought to develop their listening skillsand improve their one on one relationship with their friends(Keohane,2015).
Courage-this refers to the ability of the leader to take a risk. It alsodescribes their courage to maintain on doing what is right and simplydoing the right thing. To build courage, one will need to uphold thestrong personal values, and they will also uphold onto thing orpeople that they want.
Decisionmaking- thisis one of the major competencies of the effective leaders. Itdescribes the ability of the leader to make the most appropriatedecisions for their followers. Effective leaders understand thatthere are different times to make decisions and that they aresupposed to choose the most appropriate time to make their decisions.They also know when to make decisions on their own and when tocontact their counterparts on making a good decision. Appropriatedecision making can be obtained through studying and obtainingleadership experience.
Effectivecommunication- thisis a crucial aspect of effective leadership since there must beappropriate communication of commands/instructions from the leader tohis followers. Effective communication in the leadership process willresult in efficient execution that will be critical for attaining theset goals. Therefore, it is crucial that the leaders should have aneffective way to pass their instructions to the juniors.
Developingothers-it is also crucial that leaders should avoid thinking about theirself-progress and entirely think about the development of their staffand the organization at large. Typically, effective leadershipentails the development of the people rather than the growth of anindividual leader.
Displayingpurpose and drive- asa leader, one should be able to demonstrate the thirst to reach theirjoint goals so that they can motivate their followers. They are alsosupposed to be in a position to show the importance of attainingtheir goals. It is crucial that the leaders should lead by example sothat their juniors can get motivated and work towards their primarygoals as a whole.
Problemsolving-in the process of leadership, there are instances whereby someinstances of differences among the members occur. Effective leadersshould be in a position to step into the situation and solve theproblems for the advantage of their organization. This is a crucialfactor since it helps the organization to work as a unit towardsreaching their objectives (Schneider,et al. 2012).
Risktaking and making strategies- thisis an important aspect of leadership since for them to grow they aresupposed to take risks. Leaders should be in a position to assessvarious situations and take risks depending on whether the risk willbe advantageous to the company. Leaders are also expected to come upwith appropriate strategies that will help the company to achievetheir goals.
Keohane,N. O. (2015). Dahl’s concept of leadership: notes towards a theoryof leadership in a democracy. Journalof Political Power, 8(2),229-247.
Schneider,A., & Schröder, T. (2012). Ideal types of leadership as patternsof affective meaning a cross-cultural and over-timeperspective. SocialPsychology Quarterly, 75(3),268-287.