LEGACIES OF THE WAR 1
Legaciesof the War
In the 21st century, war has been regarded as a backwardapproach to resolve issues. Due to the existing boundaries that wereestablished during the first and the second world war there have beenexisting rivalry among the continents due to poor demarcation of boundaries but the issues are not solved in the field of war ratherconsensus is established where the issues are solved amicably. Theuse of mediation and negotiations has been used from those two warsthat were experienced since they left legacies up to date. This paperis going to discuss legacies of war that were left for instance banof lethal chemical weapons, post-traumatic stress disorders, wartechnology and pacifism among others. Such legacies are going to beproved by poets of the war and other books that were written afterthe war.
Ban of lethalchemical weapons
During the World War I in 1915 German soldiers used the chemicalweapons when they were fighting with Belgians where they used 6,000canisters of chlorine gas where it was used to fight the Britishsoldiers and they left many of them dead. More than 3,000 soldierswere killed and the gas spread all over and it wounded million peoplewhile 70, 000 people died. The chemical weapons are dangerous andthus after being used in the World War I and countries preparing inthe World War II they did use it since they had learnt from thatexperience. In the poets of the war Siegfried Sassoon in his poem“How to Die” states that “the dying soldier shifts his head”an indication that total war was experienced after the killing of3,000 using the chemical weapons (Bloom, 2004). After the death ofthe soldiers and civilians who were innocent, chemical gas weapon wasbanned under the international law in 1925. This was one of thelegacies that was left due to high death tolls and it contributed tothe banning of the lethal chemical weapons up to date. For instance,after Syria under the leadership of Bashar Al-Assad in the Syriancivil war, his regime used chemical weapon to calm mass protest thatwas a result of poor his poor leadership, dictatorship and highunemployment rate, the United States and other internationalcountries came up with a strategy to disarm Syria. This was becauseSyria violated the international law that is a legacy up to date andif the war did not happen currently the countries would be attackingtheir enemies using the chemical weapons.
Post-TraumaticStress Disorder (PTSD)
The soldiers who were in the fore front fighting experiencedpsychological stress during the World War I and it was during thistime science began to understand the effect and they lead todiagnoses that is currently familiar today. The soldiers who weretraumatized had a common symptoms such as difficult to speak, anxietyand symptoms such as digestive disorders among others. After going insafe confines some of the victims went back in the war though somewere mentally disturbed and they did not go back in the war.Siegfried Sassoon was among the soldiers who went back in the war andbefore joining his male counterparts in the war he wrote a poem“Survivors” that after getting well and he did not have doubtthat he and other soldiers “would soon get well after experiencingshock and strain” This is an indication that psychologically theywere affected and thus there was need for them to be given time sothat they can recover from stress and traumatic conditions. Forinstance, in the poem “Survivors” that is written by Siegfriedstates that “their dreams that drip with murder, subjection to theghosts of friends who died” is an indication that they had to seekmedical attention that would ensure that their life was normal(Bloom, 2004). The post-traumatic stress disorder was discoveredduring this time and thus strategies to treat it was established andthus a legacy that is up to date.
After the World War I and the World War II there was belief that itwas the end of the war but it was reflected to be the modernconflict. Technology was used in the modern conflict and thus thesoldiers used art to make sure that technology was used to advancetheir tactics. For instance, the Americans could not be colonized bySpanish if they did not have gunpowder, Rome could not have conqueredthe world if they did not have superior military forces and this wasdue to the new technology. The use of submarines and aerialartilleries, armoured tanks and fences that used barbed wires was asa result of innovation where new technology was used and it hasincreased rivalry among countries. For instance, United States isconsidered as the major super power and thus it uses all theresources available to ascertain that threats from terrorists such asISIS who attack innocent civilians are attacked and eliminated in thesociety. This has increased the modern conflict due to the use of newtechnology equipments and they are easily accessible to terrorists.In the poem “How to Die” Siegfried argues that the new machinesand equipment that are used in the battlefield were complex and thus“they’ve been taught the way to do it” an indication thatrivalry among countries had to increase significantly (Bloom, 2004).This resulted to various countries coming up with strategies andusing the new technology so that they could gather a lot of fightingequipments so that they can be superior than others.
After the world civilization that was attained through war, womensuch as Bertha Von Suttnr were awarded with Peace Nobel Prize due totheir contribution of making sure that war did not exist among thecountries. This was a result of her contribution in the use ofdialogue instead of armed battlefields that would lead to destructionof property and mass killing of innocent civilians. In 1914 pacifistsstarted encouraging people and the rival governments to come up withdisarmament exercise among the countries especially the chemicalweapons that were a threat to the entire living things. Internationalunderstanding was another issue that the pacifists called upon sinceit would lead to reconciliation among rivals communities.Humanization was also embraced and thus abandonment of weapons thatcould lead to total destruction were not supposed to be used duringthe war based on the fact that peace agreements were made and thus noone was allowed to attack other countries without following the law.If war was not experienced then such women who were spearheadinginternational delegation to come up with peaceful measures to be usedduring the time of war could not have happed and thus a legacy thatstill exist up to date.
Workers of theworld (trade union)
After the war there was destruction of lives and resources. Theliving condition and working condition of the people was a challengeand thus there was need to embark to agricultural production based onthe fact that factories needed raw materials and workers who couldstabilize the economy. Workers unions were established so that theycould bargain for the workers and thus a stable economy that couldmotivate the employees in the factories and thus improve the economy.In 1918 there was an aggressive trade union that was concerned witheffort to improve the economy after the destruction in the World WarI. This is a legacy based on that currently trade union still existsand they bargain for the sake of the sake of the employees (Bloom,2004).
In the poems of the war the soldiers would compose the poems so thatthey could motivate the others after experiencing a lot of challengesin the battlefield. There was need to remember the pain they had gonethrough and thus it was a legacy that was left behind which makesmany people to know where they have come from. Siegfried, WilfredOwen and Philip Larkin among other are among the poets who composedpoems as a way to encourage their counterparts so that they couldcontinue with their fight till the end. Additionally, there was needto sympathize with the civilians so they could be aware of what theyhave been going through though even innocent civilians were mentallyand physically affected during the war. Currently, peaceful measureshave been established and embraced to resolve issues rather thanfighting due to human right and the world being civilized.
Bloom, H. (2004).Poets of World War I: Wilfred Owen & Isaac Rosenberg.