Individualshave sought after different ways in solving the problems that affectthem. One of the ways that has been used in handling problems, whichaffect individuals on a daily basis, is through the legislativeprocess. In order to solve a problem through the legislative process,there is need to transform an idea into a law, which would then besigned by the president so as to make it legal to handle the targetproblem. This report will discuss how an idea can be transformed intoa law a discussion of how a bill becomes a law will be provided.
Foran idea to become a law, there are different processes that it has topass through. Firsts of all, it is important to identify the sourceof the idea. The sources of an idea that would become a law arevaried (Redman 22). One of the sources of an idea may emanate from alegislator reading about a problem in a newspaper. Other sources mayinclude a state employee suggesting a change in a law that wouldpermit an agency in better managing the people’s business, a publicofficial having a political agenda to implement through legislation,or from an organization charged with the responsibility of providingideas. For instance, in the case of the Oregon Law Commission, thelegislature has come up with a group that is involved specificallywith generation of legislative ideas.
Anidea can only become a law through the efforts of an entity orindividual having authority of converting the idea into a bill, whichthe legislature can consider. Thus, after considering the source ofthe ideas, it is critical for the ideas to go through the sponsorshipprocess. During the sponsorship process, an individual sponsors thebill or assumes responsibility for an idea through asking theLegislative Counsel to draft a measure, which mirrors the idea. It isthrough the sponsorship process that an idea would become a draftbill (Kaiser 66).
Indrafting bills as well as amendments to bills, the legislativeCounsel hires 14 attorneys and 12 other professionals havingbackgrounds in fields other than law for example, journalism andlanguages. Since the Legislative Counsel serves all the 90 members ofthe legislature as well as members-elect, the legislature restrictsemployees of the office of the Legislative Counsel from attempting toinfluence legislation. The role of the Legislative Counsel isconfidential for the same reasoning that the legislature to protectother communications amid clients and their attorneys to encouragelogical decisions through ensuring frank communication. It isimportant to fathom that the Office of the Legislative Counsel isinvolved in drafting more bills compared to the Legislative Assemblydrafting in a session.
Theother process involves drafting of draft bills. The LegislativeCounsel usually assigns a request for a draft bill to an attorneywith the objective of matching the subject of the request to thefield of law in which the attorney specializes (Redman 54). Each ofthe attorneys handles distinct subject fields and is responsible fordrafting bills that affect statutes in the area of expertise. Once anattorney becomes satisfied that the law allows the requested bill,the attorney commences drafting. The attorney must prepare the draftbill by ensuring accuracy, brevity, and clarity so as to satisfy theconstitutional requirements.
Followingthe attorney finishing of the initial draft of a bill, the attorneythen transfers the draft to the office of the Publication Services,where the bill undergoes a thorough process of proofreading. In thiscase, the accuracy and consistency of the proposed amendments arescrutinized and errors corrected.
Thenext process involves transforming a draft into a bill. During thisprocess, a member introduces a proposed bill in the chamber wherehe/she serves here, the constitutional requirements can play therole of influencing the chamber where an individual or entityrequests a member to introduce a bill (Donovan 27). The proposed billbecomes read for the first time making it public. After the firstreading, the bill becomes transmitted to the presiding officer.
Thefinal stage entails a bill becoming a law. During this process,fiscal and revenue review of the bill becoming a law is carried out.This involves the budget as well as tax consequences for the billbecoming a law (Redman 86). The legislative revenue officer mayoppose the bill in case its fiscal and revenue review is notattractive. It is following the fiscal and revenue review that thepresiding officer sends the bill to a committee, usually in the fieldthat the bill covers. For instance, in the case of the Health ReformAct, the bill was sent to the health committee. The committee has anoption of passing, passing with amendments, or not passing the bill(Donovan 48). In case the committee does not pass the bill, this isthe end of the bill. However, in case the committee passes the billwith amendments, the bill is re-printed and sent back to the firstchamber. Alternatively, in case the committee passes the bill, it issent back to the first chamber. It is after this, that the billundergoes public hearing, after which amendments follows (Kaiser 64). Following the amendments, the bill is sent back to the parliamentfor legal challenges, and in case it passes, it is read for thesecond time after which third reading is done. In case the housepasses the bill, it is sent to the president to be signed as law.
Donovan,Sandra. MakingLaws: A Look at How a Bill Becomes a Law.Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co, 2004. Print.
Kaiser,Robert G. Actof Congress: How America`s Essential Institution Works, and How ItDoesn`t.New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013. Print.
Redman,Eric. TheDance of Legislation.Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001. Print.