Mental Health disorders

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Mental Health disorders

Mental health disorders represent one of the fundamental problems in the healthcare sector. Various mental health disorders affect children at different developmental stages. Among them are intellectual disabilities, multiple disabilities and autism. Also, some of the children do suffer from physical disabilities in addition to other health impairments.

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Autism, intellectual disability, multiple disabilities

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Intellectual disability

Intellectual disabilities are characterized by primary limitations in both adaptive behavior and intellectual functioning covering one’s everyday practical and social skills. Adaptive behaviors are those that are required by the child when it comes to conducting of the day to day lives. It could be the need to communicate effectively, interact and take care of oneself. Intellectual functioning could be all the activities entailing reasoning. Decision-making and solving problems that they encounter. Children suffering from the condition do encounter difficulties when it comes to the execution of such Dfunctions.

The condition is measured by conducting an IQ test where a score of 70 or 75 does portray a limitation in the particular child’s intellectual functioning.

Multiple disabilities

The condition does affect various students and is characterized by one having more than one disability. The disease may arise due to some factors, crucial among them being a lack of oxygen at the time of one’s birth. Other causes could be infections and poor development of the brain and the spinal cord. The condition is manageable but dependent upon how early it is detected amongst the children affected. Early intervention is crucial towards managing the condition.

Children are among those who have been affected by the health conditions. It is vital that they be assisted on the appropriate ways to help them in the management of the diseases. Most of them are vulnerable negating the need to come up with ways through which children are supported for the condition. The support is beneficial as it impacts on the performance of the children in their academics and other class activities.

AutismASD represent a range of complex neurodevelopmental disorders. The disease is defined bySocial impairmentDifficulties in communicationRestricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior

There are various categories of ASD. The three categories under ASD include PDD-NOS, Autistic Disorder and Asperger’s Syndrome. These are categories used by the American Psychiatric Association .The school system utilizes the Michigan Special Education Rules and Regulations in discerning who is eligible as a student with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Children that fall under the PDD-NOS medical diagnosis do not meet the criteria for ASD in the schools as they do not have all three areas outlined on the previous slide affected.

The average age of diagnosis for Asperger’s Syndrome is between the ages of 5 and 9 according to the Autism Society of America

Manifestation

For a particular student to be ascertained as having ASD, they must display three primary traits that overlap that is

Impaired socialization

Impaired communication skills

Restricted and repetitive behavior

Children suffering from the condition need support from both friends and family to help them in dealing with the condition.

Physical disabilities and other health impairments

Physical disability represents limited functioning of an individual physically where mobility and dexterity are affected. There are various types, with an example being muscular dystrophy, blindness, sleep disorders and epilepsy. The physical disabilities affect the motor function of those who are affected. There are detrimental effects associated with the condition since it severely affects the body image of those who may be affected. It requires that the children affected be supported to overcome the condition.

Treatment and management

Timely detection is crucial for efficient management of the condition.

Interventions include:

  • Provision of social support

  • Drugs to help in treatment of the deformities

  • Creating awareness among caregivers such as friends and family

References

Rogers, A., &amp Pilgrim, D. (2014). A sociology of mental health and illness. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

Multiple disabilities

The condition does affect various students and is characterized by one having more than one disability. The disease may arise due to some factors, crucial among them being a lack of oxygen at the time of one’s birth. Other causes could be infections and poor development of the brain and the spinal cord. The condition is manageable but dependent upon how early it is detected amongst the children affected. Early intervention is crucial towards managing the condition.