Obesity in School-Aged Children in Rural and Urban Areas Abstract

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Obesityin School-Aged Children in Rural and Urban Areas


Obesityin school-aged children is a rapidly increasing worldwide concernhaving an increase in acceleration in the more recent years. Changesin the rates of prevalence of obesity in these school going childrenshow that there was a rapid growth of obesity in 1980’s and 1990’s.The last ten years show a slight decrease in the quick prevalence ofobesity. In the United States, obesity affects more than twelvemillion school going, children and teens. Obesity comes with a set ofchallenges, and it is, therefore, necessary to address the problem ofobesity to contain it and eventually stop it. The purpose of thisresearch paper is to identify the factors contributing to theprevalence of obesity in the school going children, the challengesalongside it, and the difference in prevalence in children from ruraland urban areas.

Introductionand purpose

Fromthe number of children with obesity, it is evident that it is achallenge that needs to be addressed. Obesity affects children inschool going age both in rural and urban setup, but the prevalence ishigher among those in the countryside. The purpose of this study isto identify the reasons behind a large number of school goingchildren with obesity and the differences in the prevalence dependingon the region.

Reviewof the literature

Inthis research, I intend to study the high prevalence and occurrencesof cases of obesity among school-aged children in both rural andurban areas. The article by Edwards et al (196) on the mattersregarding neighborhood, studying exposures that are related toobesity in childhood, and the effect of the policy in Leeds, isimportant in this study because it provides precise figures on thenumber of children suffering from obesity. The article goes on toaddress the factors causing obesity which is necessary for myresearch work.

Thereport by CDC grand rounds on childhood obesity in the US is alsocrucial in my study because it provides insights into the causes ofobesity among children in the US and the conditions that can helpmitigate the challenge. The fact that the article is about adifferent region with actual figures showing the high prevalence ofobesity is also important for my study because it helps demonstratethat the challenge is a worldwide concern which is in line with myresearch (CDC Grand Rounds: Childhood obesity in the United States43).

Thearticle on geographic differences focus on childhood, nutrition,overweight, neighborhood facilities, and physical activity.Implications for facilities helps identify that childhood overweightare a global concern. The article goes ahead to determine thedifferences in the prevalence of school going children in rural andurban areas which are a concern for my research (Aline Simen-Kapeu etal 129).


AlineSimen-Kapeu et al. “Geographic Differences in Childhood Overweight,Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Neighborhood Facilities:Implications for prevention”. CanadianJournal of Public Health. 101.2. 128-132, 2010. Print.

“CDCGrand Rounds: Childhood obesity in the United States.” Morbidityand Mortality Weekly Report. 60.2. 42-46, 2011. Print.

Edwards,Klein et al. “The Neighborhood Matters: Studying Exposures Relevantto Childhood Obesity and the Policy Implications in Leeds, UK”.Journalof Epidemiology and Community Health. 64.3. 194-201, 2009. Print.