Obesity Problem in Spring Valley

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OBESITY PROBLEM IN SPRING VALLEY 5

ObesityProblem in Spring Valley

Obesityis a major health issue for the individuals in the community ofSpring Valley. It negatively affects the quality of people’s livesin Spring Valley where it has increased the risk that accompanychronic diseases. This has realized a considerable economic effectin the community. In a period of six years the economic costs ofadults who are obese in Spring Valley has doubled to about $32billion. Stakeholders assert that success and health in schools arecorrelated and schools are not in a position to attain theirfundamental mission if students and teachers are not socially,physically and mentally fit (Abayomi, 2009).

CommunityOverview

Accordingto the San Diego Government Association by last year there were about7000 residents above the age of 65 in Spring Valley. Given the largenumber of adults in Spring Valley it is critical to evaluate how theyare affected by obesity. The gain in weight tends to occur in themiddle ages partly associated with a highly sedentary lifestyle.Unfortunately, most of the elderly in Spring Valley relate old agewith obese and do nothing to prevent it (Anseli, 2010).

DemographicData

Statisticsemerging from the center of a society that is aging indicate that inthe age 51 and above of the obese population 75% are between the agesof 51 and 68. However, this particular age group consists of 60% ofthis entire population. Apart from that, a Medicare participant thatis obese costs over $1,400 in health care expenditure per annumcompared to health weight participants (Anselin 2010).

EpidemiologicalData:

About30% of adults in Spring Valley have been found to be obese which hasdoubled the rate since 1980. In a period of three decades’ obesityrate amongst children in Spring Valley has tripled. If this rate doesnot change, there is likelihood that the children generation inSpring Valley today could have shorter life spans compared to theirparents. This region is considered the most obese in the countrywith over 38% of adults having been reported to be obese (Birmingham2013).

WindshieldSurvey

Asmuch as obesity may not be chronic in itself it is a risk factor asfar as a majority of the chronic conditions are concerned. Thisincludes cancer, coronary heart diseases, stroke and diabetes.Changes in life style such as doing more exercises and having ahealthy diet are critical in fighting obesity at all ages. Theincrease in the obesity prevalence rates is as a result ofenvironmental, individual and social factors (Abayomi, 2009).

ProblemDiagnosis

Previousattempts to minimize obesity mainly concentrated on conventionalmedical models of personal behavior treatment and modification. Thesestrategies have failed because they in most cases ignored the contextthrough which personal choices were reached. Research done in therecent past relates this problem to environmental factors. Theseinclude neighborhoods being designed in a manner where one has nochoice but to use a vehicle rather than cycle or walk. In addition,there are insecure conditions for cyclists as well as pedestrians(Anselin, 2010).

Summary

Obesityis a major health issue for the individuals in the community ofSpring Valley. It negatively affects the quality of people’s livesin Spring Valley where it has increased the risk that accompanychronic diseases. Statistics emerging from the center of a societythat is aging indicate that in the age 51 and above of the obesepopulation 75% are between the ages of 51 and 68. Previous attemptsto minimize obesity mainly concentrated on conventional medicalmodels of personal behavior treatment and modification.

References

Abayomi,J.C., Watkinson, H., Boothby, J., Topping, J. &amp Hackett, A.F.(2009) Identification of hot-spots of obesity and being underweightin early pregnancy in Liverpool. J. Hum. Nutr. Diet. 22, 246–254.

Anselin,L. (2010) Exploratory spatial data analysis in geocomputationalenvironment. In GeoComputation: A Primer. eds P. Longley, S. Brooks,B. Macmillan &amp R. McDonnell, pp. 77. New York, NY: John Wiley &ampSons Inc.

Birmingham,C.L., Jones, P. &amp Hoffer, L.J. (2013) The management of adultobesity. Eat. Weight Disord. 8, 157–163.