Running Header: PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT 1
TheodoreRoosevelt, popularly known as “Teddy” or “TR” was born on27th October 1858 in New York City. He was the second born of hisfour siblings. His parents were Theodore Roosevelt Senior and MarthaStewarts, who were glass businessman and socialite respectively. Hewas a naturalist with interests in zoology. In addition, he was alawyer, a public official and an author (Roosevelt, 2013).
Delicate andwiped out as a kid due to deliberating asthma, Roosevelt advocatedfor healthy exercises and strenuous life (Roosevelt, 2013). His earlyschool life involved mostly home schooling with a hired tutor. Heattended Harvard College in 1876 and graduated in 1880. After movingon from Harvard, Roosevelt wedded Alice Hathaway Lee (Dalton, 2007).They were blessed with one daughter Alice Lee. He later remarriedhis childhood sweetheart Edith Kermit and were blessed with fivechildren Theodore, Kermit, Ethel Carow, Archibald Bulloch andQuentin (Roosevelt, 2013).
He enrolledand studied law at Columbia University. He always found law veryirrational and spent most of his school life writing the war of 1812,his first book. He dropped out following a year to seek a legislativeseat and won a seat in the New York Assembly in 1882 (Roosevelt,2013). In 1884, Roosevelt lost both his wife and mother on the sameday due to kidney failure and typhoid fever respectively (Dalton,2007). Engulfed in grief, he spent more than 2 years in the Amazontropics as a rancher and sheriff. He came back to New York in 1886and married Edith.
He campaignedfor mayoral seat in New York but lost. He assumed roles as publicservice commissioner, president of the New York police department andassistant navy secretary. As a naval secretary, he pioneered theSpanish-American war in Cuba and became an iconic figure in thecountry after the successful war (Dalton, 2007). He later became NewYork governor and later appointed vice president by PresidentMcKinley.
TheodoreRoosevelt became the 26th US president in 1901 through 1909 after theassassination of President McKinley (Roosevelt, 2013). He was amember of the Republican Party. He was a modern American presidentsince he expanded executive powers. Earlier on the U.S Congress heldmuch of the powers. He believed in executive supremacy and that thepresident had the mandate to use all the powers to accomplish hispolicies for the country. He was against the ideas of limitedgovernment and individualism.
Hespearheaded government regulation to achieve social and economicjustice. He used executive orders to accomplish his goals, mainly inwelfare and work legislations (Square Deal), environmentalconservation, and an aggressive foreign policy. His foreign policyintended to create America as a global superpower and a watchdog forthe western hemisphere countries by reinforcing the Monroe Doctrine(White, 2012). Due to his popularity as president, he was the firstto use the media to speak directly to the people, bypassing thepolitical parties and career politicians.
Afterhis term in 190, he mounted an intensive presidential race in 1912though he lost to Woodrow Wilson (Dalton, 2007). His popularity,however, resulted in the creation of a strong third party in USpolitics, the Progressive party. He advocated for US involvement inthe World War 1 and urged the people to prepare for war. His foursons volunteered to serve in the war in 1917 leading to death of hisyoungest son Quentin. He died on January 6th, 1919 and was buried inOyster Bay, New York (Dalton, 2007).
His legacy asa president is unmatched. He was the most popular president. Heregained the executive supremacy, strong foreign policy andconservatism. He will be remembered for his charisma and leadershipthat sought to put America on top of the world as a superpower.
Dalton, K.(2007). TheodoreRoosevelt: A Strenuous Life.New York:Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
Roosevelt,T. (2013). Autobiographyof Theodore Roosevelt.New York:Start Publishing LLC.
White, G. E.(2012). TheEastern Establishment and the Western Experience: The West ofFrederic Remington, Theodore Roosevelt, and Owen Wister.Texas: University of Texas Press.