Relationship between Motivation and Job Satisfaction among Women Police Officers A Case Study of UAE Ministry of Interior (MOI)

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Relationshipbetween Motivation and Job Satisfaction among Women Police Officers:A Case Study of UAE Ministry of Interior (MOI)

Relationshipbetween Motivation and Job Satisfaction among Women Police Officers:A Case Study of UAE Ministry of Interior (MOI)

Table ofContents

Introduction 3

Current Situation 3

The problem 3

Background of the Study 4

Literature Review 5

Statement of the Problem 6

Aims 6

Research Questions and Hypothesis 6

Sources of Data 8

Research Design and Methodology 8

Scope and Delimitation of the Study 9

Outcome and Significance of the Study 9

Structure of the Study 10

Chapter 1: 10

Chapter 2: 10

Chapter 3: 10

Chapter 4: 10

Chapter 5 10

References 11

IntroductionCurrent Situation

Hitherto,scientific inventions, achievements, and discoveries have been madeyet unresolved social problems stand out with particularabsoluteness. What are the statuses and rights of women policeofficials? Indeed, the concept of gender equality has been havingbeen addressed in most organizations, governmental institutions, andin the society as a whole. In this case, the current situation of theconcept of the quality of women police officials, their social statusand rights should be conducted to certify the outcome of jobsatisfaction and job performance among the United Arab Emirates malesand females. With the first growing economies in the Gulf region, itanticipated that almost 50 percent of women participation is highestthan the neighboring countries (Shallal: 2011).

Accordingto Singh (2012), he examines some demographic factors play in jobsatisfaction in UAE. The factors range from age, race, gender, workexperience, and work experience. In UAE, women police are sociallydiscriminated, and job motivation is ignored at their leadershiplevel.

The problem

Theproblem is that: To determine the actual current status or positionand rights regarding leadership women police officer in the UnitedArab Emirates Ministry of Interior (MOI). Therefore, this study willinvestigate the main factors that contribute to the job satisfactionof the operating female police officers that ranges from motivationallevels in the leadership position in the Ministry of Interior.

Background of the Study

Womenare indeed considered as the columns of their families, and byelongation, of society. However, in the recent cases, most women haveshifted, and many of them aspire toward playing the significant rolein the development of their respective nations and their communities.United Arab Emirates women are perhaps among the individuals thathave received the greater dynamics and encouragement to attainhighest academic degrees, less limitation to their careers, and haveabandoned their traditional norms (Rashid Al Maktoum: 2012). The leadprogressive change is only explained by an increase in educationalachievements because the United Arab Emirates society is in the stateof flow and the country has to go through vital social, economic, andcultural concepts in almost all the aspects of life over the decades(Abdalla: 2012).

Mostof the recent studies identify that men and women adopt differentleadership styles depending on the theory of leadership they choose.According to Abdalla (2012), leadership is the ability to inspireconfidence and support among people who are determined in achievingorganizational objectives or goals. Despite the effect imposed byleadership styles and positions within any organization, most womenof the UAE face many constraints when it comes to rating employmentopportunities. This occurs due to gender discrimination in theworkplace, and most women police officers are treated asunder-employed and under-utilized. This case is also extended up topromotion and in performance evaluation. Similarly, another factorthat would have contributed to women position at the workplace ismale domination, stereotypes of the female officer, and health issuessuch as pregnancy and motherhood (Hipp, &amp Rizo: 2010).

Thestudy will, therefore, aimed at investigating the motivationalfactors and job satisfaction, which is among the significantdeterminants of the largest law enforcement organization in theUnited Arab Emirates, the MOI. Moreover, it will also identify thefactors that affect and hinder leadership behavior of Women PoliceOfficers.

Literature Review

Severalresearch has been conducted pertaining job satisfaction andmotivation in the developed countries context. However, only a littleinformation has been gathered from non-western context, particularlyin the Middle East nations. According to Ercikti etal.,(2011), he asserts that job satisfaction originates from theappraisal of someone`s work or work experiences. In addition, hepoints out that positive change in working groups, supervision,incentives, and the work itself is capable of increasing theproductivity and the quality of services in organizations. On theother hand, Olga atal.,(2013), have found that several theories are used as the frameworkfor better understanding and serve as a guide for measuringorganization performance. They further notes that employee motivationis viewed as the inner force that drives individuals to attain apersonal and organizational goals, Motivational factors are thoseaspects of the job that makes people want to perform, and it providepeople with satisfaction, for instance, the accomplishment in work,acknowledgment, and promotion opportunities.

Consequently,the influence of leadership style and organizational behaviors on theorganizational outcomes such as organization performance, employeesatisfaction, and turnover the rate of extensively examined byAbdalla (2012), which has led to the development of great theoriesaimed to define the effective leaders. These leadership traits arebased on the aspects such as personality, strength, and skills. It isthe attitude an individual have toward specific factors such assecurity of employment, and conditions of the work.

Statement of the Problem

Beyondthe twentieth century discoveries, inventions and achievements,humanity`s unresolved social problems stand out with particularstarkness, one of these problems is that the status and rights ofwomen police officials. By the concept quality of the women policeofficials meant social equality, justice of the social status,rights, and not the physical and mental equality of the individuals.Some researches have been conducted on women police officers role inthe leadership position at the United Arab Emirates. For example,Fredman and Goldblatt (2015), determines the principle of equality asa central commitment to international human rights.

Otherstudies have examined the potential mediating role of organizationalcommitment in the relationship of leadership demeanor with the workresults of job satisfaction and job performance among United ArabEmirates men and women. However, there is not study that has thefocus on the status of leadership position of women police officer.Therefore, this research will try to determine the actual currentstatus or position and rights concerning the direction of womenpolice personnel in the UAE Ministry of Interior (MOI).


Theobjective of this research is to examine the women police personnelin the leadership position and their relationship to motivation andjob satisfaction in the Ministry of Interior (MOI).

Research Questions and Hypothesis

Toaccomplish the aim of the research project, the following questionswill be addressed in the study:

  1. To critically review the theory concepts and models relating to leadership and job satisfaction.

  2. To examine the women police officers role in the leadership position at UAE Ministry of Interior (MOI).

  3. To assess the current levels and determinants of job satisfaction for women police in the leadership position.

  4. To develop a motivational model that influences job satisfaction for women police officers in the leadership position in MOI.

  5. To analyse the current problems for little motivation within women police personnel in the UAE MOI.

  6. To make recommendations about motivational strategies based on the findings.

Basedon above research objectives, following research questions are framed

  1. What are the themes and models available relating to the leadership and job satisfaction?

  2. What are the roles in the leadership position of women police officers in UAE?

  3. What are the determinants of job satisfaction for women police in the leadership position?

  4. Is there any need to develop a model relating to job satisfaction in any women police officers who are in the leadership position?

  5. What are the current problems faced by women police in MOI?

Onthe other hand, depending on the primary sources, the practicalexperience of the situation, literature review and analysis, bellowwill research hypothesis:


Womenintend to increase their earning by having access to high quality ofeducation and training, and it is vital for those who cannot affordto go to school. This means that women need to have the high qualityof career information tool for their mobility.


Transformationalleadership has a strong effect on the employee performance than thecontingent reward on the transactional leadership reward.


Transformationalleadership is directly related to the commitment of any employee.

Sources of Data

Theavailability of the earmark data or information is most vital aspectpart of any research. Following this study, the research will utilizedata from sources like:

  • Researchers and data sets from UAE MOI Abu Dubai Police Department, the UAE MOI, and Scholarly reviewed articles.

  • Secondary data from researchers carried out by various scholars in the Middle East, particularly in the United Arab Emirates.

  • Dataset from questionnaires, which will be held in UAE MOI Abu Dubai Police.

Research Design and Methodology

Inthe work, the study will adopt the qualitative approach in whichsemi-structured interview will be conducted to identify theconsequences of job satisfaction for women Police officers and alsoto provide the appropriate motivational model that creates the impacton job satisfaction for women police personnel in the leadershipposition in the MOI Abu Dubai Police.

Usingsimple random sampling method, 135 women police officers will beselect for the interview, whereas the men police officers are notincluded due to the limitation of the study. Semi-structuredinterview guide will be prepared based on the research questions andliterature review. Various pieces of literature sources also examinedsuch as books, journals, newspapers, and website to collect theinformation based on the present study. Analysis will be done usingparticular analysis format

Basedon data gathered, comparative analysis will be conducted, to shedlight on several research questions. Another method will involvecarrying out questionnaires in the UAE MOI Abu Dubai Police Station.Finally, the last stage will capture the analysis of primary dataacquired during questionnaires and interview and application of thequalitative analysis.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

Thisstudy is based on cross-sectional qualitative approach since it helpsto gather enormous sample size within a less period to examine thewomen police role in the leadership position at (MOI). However, itlimits the cause and effect of relationship. Therefore, futurestudies should focus on the longitudinal study design.

Outcome and Significance of the Study

Thepresent study will contribute significantly towards initiatives todraw public policies, research scholars, and practitioners.Furthermore, this research provides on various fronts. Firstly,validation of both motivational and job satisfaction scales in anArab Muslim country like (UAE) is established and furthermoreparticular to women police officers is determined. Secondly, it alsocontributes to academic research on women`s employment in (UAE) whichis an understudied context. Thirdly, societal behavior and itssignificance in women`s career in the Middle East are also enumeratedin the present study. Finally, this study will also providerecommendations essential for the development of public policies inaddressing the issues related to job satisfaction and motivationamong women police officers in MOI and UAE in general by developing asuitable model of job satisfaction and motivation aspects

Structure of the StudyChapter 1:

Introduction:The Introduction chapter outlines the research questions, thesignificance of the survey, the contribution of the study, briefresearch that will be used in the survey.

Chapter 2:

LiteratureReview:This chapter will provide pertinent information from relevantsecondary sources. In this chapter, all of the aspects relating tomotivation and job satisfaction will be included, especially theoriesand previous empirical studies.

Chapter 3:

ResearchDesign and Methodology:This part of the project research will address research methodologiessuch as research design, research philosophy, sampling, sample size,target population, data collection methods, and proper informationand validity and reliability issues.

Chapter 4:

Results:In this chapter, the researcher describes how the interviews to beconducted with managers, advisors, and officers of (MOI)

Chapter 5

Discussionand Conclusion:From the analysis and interpretation of data, findings andrecommendation will be formulated.


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