ARTICLE CRITIQUE 1
Intimate Partner Violence results in various outcomes for the newbornand the mother. Alhusen et al. (2015) authored an article dubbedIntimate partner violence during pregnancy: maternal and neonataloutcomes. The research is a qualitative study that uses the availableand relevant literature to show the effects of intimate partnerviolence. The author does not have a defined research design, but hegoes ahead to analyze the literature and make a conclusion. In theabstract, the authors do not mention to the reader how they wouldapproach their work using the literature.
As a qualitative study that relies on the literature to drawconclusions, the research does not have any method to measure thevariables. The result of the measurement of the variables inliterature is conclusive, and the authors only use the final data tomake their inferences. Also, there is no primary data collected inthe research, and there was, therefore, no need to develop aquestionnaire.
The authors do not have a defined study population since there was nocollection of data for analysis. As mentioned, there was no need todevelop data collection tools as it happens in a primary study. Suchtools would have identified the characteristics of the studypopulation. However, intimate partner violence outlined by theauthors is rampant in single women and those from low-incomebackgrounds (Alhusen, 2015). They, therefore, concentrate on theresearch that assesses intimate partner violence in women who all inthe two categories.
In every research, the authors concentrate on a certain group ofpeople that have a given set of characteristics. A given sample hassimilar characteristics and factors that contribute to a givensituation. Alhusen et al. (2015) work is a secondary study, meaningit relies on the information collected by other researchers. However,in a secondary research, the authors have to identify theirpopulation of interest and use the literature that is in line withtheir population of choice. Alhusen et al. (2015) target single andlow-income women.
The authors do not use any form of research sampling, none of themethods either probability or non-probability sampling has been usedin the research. Secondary research rarely uses any form of samplingsince it does not have a defined research design. The sampling isalready done in the primary research articles in the article cited inthe literature review. The conclusions are made from differentsampling techniques that do not feature or get explained in thesecondary research.
The Institution Review Board examines the authenticity of studies toensure that lie within the outlined research ethics. Primary researchhas to undergo through the IRB. However, secondary research that usesexisting data without involving human subjects may be exempted fromthe process. However, secondary research involving human subjectshave to undergo a review by the Institutional Review Board. For anarticle to appear in The Journal of Human Health, it has to fulfillthe requirements of the IRB. The research conducted by Alhusen et al.(2015) fulfills the requirements of IRB and those of the journal peerreviewers.
For any research to be credible, the authors must have authority inthe field. Jeanne Alhusen is an associate professor of nursing andthe assistant dean for research at the University of Virginia. Sheearned the John Hopkins Faculty Shining Star Award and theuniversity’s Alumni Association Excellence Teaching Award. She isalso the holder of College of Nursing Award for Emerging Scholar.Ellen Ray is a practicing Gynecologist affiliated with CarrollHospital Center in Westminster. Phyllis Sharps is a professor and theassociate dean for community programs and initiatives Johns HopkinsSchool of Nursing. She is an expert in maternal and child healthnursing. Linda Bullock is the president of Lankenau Hospital and amember of the Main Line Health medical staff body that is affiliatedwith Bryn Mawr Hospital. These qualifications held by the authors andthe academic authority they hold in their areas of study make theirresearch credible. All of them have an interest in reproductive andmaternal health and their experience in the area of study isinstrumental for the conclusions they make for the research.
In this research, the authors do not include any provisions oranonymity and confidentiality. However, they may have overlooked thisrequirement since they were not involved in any data collection asrequired in a primary study. The research quoted must have had theprovisions of confidentiality to be accepted by the IRB and forpublishing in the various journals.
Finally, the research does not indicate how the participants wouldobtain the results of the study since the authors did not recruit anyparticipants. As a secondary study, the authors relied on theinformation derived from research conducted by others. To ensure thatthey arrive at their objective of showing the effects of the effectsof intimate partner violence on maternal and neonatal outcomes,Alhusen et al. incline to research that is relevant to the topic andthey come up with a credible piece of work.
Alhusen, J. L., Ray,E., Sharps, P., & Bullock, L. (2015). Intimate partner violenceduring pregnancy: maternal and neonatal outcomes. Journal ofWomen`s Health, 24(1), 100-106.