SocietalOppression and the Related Problems of Homelessness
SocietalOppression and the Related Problems of Homelessness
Societalabuse or oppression is regarded as a form of active abuse thatimplies the demerits that an individual or a group of people undergofollowing unjust social structures. It is the cause of a majority ofthe abuse types experienced in the society including sexual assaultas well as domestic violence and encompasses some concerns (Benbow,2009). The examples of societal oppression or abuses have beenoutlined to include racism, heterosexism, as well as sexism amongothers. The manifestation of the societal oppressions or abusesusually ranges from the covert or overt discrimination and lack ofaccommodations to the inadequate funding for the services required bythe society, inability to access health care, poor policies aimed atprotecting individuals against abuse, and media stereotypes as wellas negative images. In most cases regardless of whether the abuse iscommitted by an individual or a group of people, the abuse usuallyincludes the denial by the offender of the pain and suffering of thevictim and a posting blame to the victim for the oppression committedagainst them. Studies suggest that the community itself usuallyperpetuates societal oppression via the application of its dominantculture as well as values or following its tendency to condoneabusive behavior towards the marginalized groups (Kidd, 2009). Inlight of the understanding of societal oppression or abuse, thispaper will present an analysis of societal oppression and the relatedproblems of homelessness.
Formsof societal expression
Socialoppression comes in different forms. For example, they may includefive forms namely, marginalization, cultural dominance and violence.Regarding marginalization, women in most parts of the world aredescribed and stigmatized as non-productive members of the society.Some are oppressed due to their skill and education. As a result, theneglected and despised feel useless, have low self-esteem and loseself-respect. Cultural dominance, on the other hand, has oppressedsome other communities while others flourish. The dominant culturealways leads while the other is diminished. Cultural differences alsobring about variation regarding gender, skin color, ethnicity,accent, sexual identities. This brings about disunity among peopleas various opportunities are lost.
Thedominant culture always exhausts the opportunities thus leaving theinferior community not enjoying some goodies of life.in conclusion.Violence is the worst part of the general impression. The dominantgroup always makes it uncomfortable for the common group to survivei.e. the white on the blacks, oppression on religious purposes.Racial segregation has always led to constant violence among nationsand communities. Sexual harassment and crimes against gays, lesbiansand transgendered have been endless.
Marxistsociology is also a factor that is dividing the world apart. Onebenefits or suffers concerning his or her religion. The act ofsupporting one group and leaving the other to lag behind actuallyaffects the economy since the economy of the country keeps onderailing. This issue comes with severe consequences for example,stunted development due to increased corruption favoritism andincompetence in most offices as well as attacks on immigrants at theday-labor gathering places in addition to the constant workplace raidthreats. Individuals usually do not have to undergo outright violenceto feel under threat. Equally fascinating is the kind of ongoingharassment that degrades and humiliates a person. The harassment canbe verbal, or in some cases sexual. It can also take the form oftargeting like racial profiling. A physical attack has equally beenassociated with harassment. .
Socialexclusion is another form of social oppression in which some peopleare denied particular services just because of their race or socialstatus. The social exclusion applies to both countries that lose inthe global competition and to classes of people within nations in thegrip of poverty or living or living with the mental and physicaldisability. Each of the forms of oppressions intersects with theother. They are related as well as reinforced by numerous ideological`-isms` as well as phobias that are available within the society. Itis part of a larger picture that needs to develop about racism andhow it intersects with class, gender and other social divisions.
Thisanalysis of oppression can help individuals see more concretely whatjustice demands of us, towards finding effective ways to challengesocial arrangements that favor a privileged few over the many
Whilesocietal oppression is presumed to manifest via the covert or overtdiscrimination and lack of accommodations, homelessness, on the otherhand, is not regarded as a social issue. Furthermore, it is not aresearch question for a study not is it the type of an individual whoeventually finds himself in the streets following a series of baddecisions and choices or personal flaws. Primarily, homelessnessreflects everything aspect of the society that has gone wrong orbroken, the biases, meanness, missing compassion, as well asperceptions of individuals of the other fellow humans (Kidd, 2009).
Wheneverthe subject of homelessness is raised either in people’s opinions,programs, funding, or research, the focus is usually placed on healthcare, housing, as well as services, all of which are essential forterminating homelessness. However, the problem is more that thisbecause it covers among other things oppression, poverty, inequality,ostracism, as well as racial injustice. Writing for the HuffingtonPost in his article on homeless and the link to racism and socialjustice, Olivet (2015) says, “When we reduce affordable housingmassively, homelessness results.” According to Olivet (2015), amongthe major causes of homelessness include huge medical bills imposedon individuals because they were denied coverage, and educationsystem providing some kids with the best learning opportunities andat the same time leaving others in illiteracy and crumbling schools. The non-existent access to substance use treatment and mental healthcare for all except the ones with the ability to pay also leads tohomelessness.
Someconcerns have been outlined as related to homelessness. While poorhealth has been mentioned as a primary cause of homelessness, itremains a major problem given that homelessness creates additionalhealth problems and as the same time exacerbates the existing ones.The NHCHC (National Health Care for the Homeless Council) fact sheetwrote that living in the streets or a crowded homeless shelter isusually stressful and worsened by the exposure to severalcommunicable diseases. Apart from health problems, the other concernsrelated to homelessness include exposure to victimization amongothers. In his book entitled, “Disrupting Homelessness” LauraStivers (2011, pg. 9), writes, “using the liberationist methodpermits individuals to examine the dominant perceptions onhomelessness as well as housing that will aid in envisioning how todisrupt and resist injustice.”
Benbow,S. (2009). Societal abuse in the lives of individuals with mentalillness. CanadianNurse 105(6):30-2.
Forchuk,C., Csiernik, R., & Jensen, E. (2011). Homelessness,housing, and mental health: finding truths, creating change.Ontario, Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.
Kidd,S. (2009). Socialstigma and homeless youth outcomes. U.S.A: University of Toronto.
NationalHealth Care for the Homeless Council. (2011). Homelessness& health: What’s the connection? Retrievedfromhttp://www.nhchc.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Hln_health_factsheet_Jan10.pdf
Olivet,J. (2015). Homelessness,racism, and social justice.Retrieved fromhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/jeff-olivet/homelessness-racism-and-s_b_8312898.html
Stivers,L. (2011). Disruptinghomelessness: Alternative Christian approaches.U.S.A: Fortress Press.