Thespace communication involves the sharing of information betweenelectronic gadgets that are located on earth and those that are foundin the space. In other words, space communication involves sending,receiving, and processing information, all of which involve the useof space as the primary medium. Some of the key components of spacecommunication include the command, telemetry, and tracking system.Space communication differs from terrestrial communication in thatspace communication systems consume a lot of energy and require thesignal to be sent at an extremely high velocity and frequency.
Communicationspaces including the intimate, public, and private space. Theintimate space refers to that space that individuals believe istheirs and should not be interfered with by other people. An intimatespace is easier to protect in the absence of technology than in thepresence of technological advances. For an instance, technologyinterferes with the intimate space when phone calls and messages arereceived in one’s private places, such as bedrooms and toilets. Public space refers to a space that can be utilized by all members ofthe public without being discriminated against. The design of virtualmodels of public spaces and the availability of electronic devices insome public spaces has encouraged more people to these public spacesnow compared to 30 years ago. Social space, which can be virtualspace or physical space, provides a platform for people to interactand share personal as well as professional information. Although thevirtual social space allows people to socialize faster by bridginggeographical distance, it is associated with stress. In overall,space communication has increased efficiency in the field ofcommunication.
Technologicaladvancement has affected nearly all aspects of life, including theway people communicate in different settings and for differentpurposes. Space communication is among the key products oftechnological advancements that facilitate communication betweengadgets in the outer space and on the earth. Space communication isdefined as the process of sending, receiving, and processinginformation, all of which involve the use of space as the primarymedium (Khodarev, 2010). Information that is shared in spacecommunication is transferred as sound waves that shared betweenelectronic gadgets in the form of electromagnetic waves. Theseelectromagnetic waves are disseminated at an extremely high frequencywhere superimposition occurs resulting in a modulated wave. Themodulated wave is then propagated into the space at the same velocityas that of the light (Khodarev, 2010). The high velocity of themodulated waves facilitates the sharing of information over a longdistance and within a very short time, which makes spacecommunication a reliable method of sharing information.
Spacecommunication is considered an essential requirement for an effectivespace mission. A reliable space communication system should have atleast major components. The first component is the command, whichrefers to the process of transmitting instructions from an electronicgadget on earth another electronic gadget in the space (Khodarev,2010). The second component is telemetry, which refers to the processof propagating information from the electric gadget in the space toanother electronic gadget on the earth. For example, telemetry may beused to transfer application and scientific data from an electronicgadget in the space to the earth. The last aspect of an ordinaryspace communication system is tracking, which involves thedetermination of the range from the gadget on the earth and thegadget in the space as well as the velocity of propagating the wavefrom the earth to the space and from space to the earth.
Spacecommunication is distinguished by four major constraints fromterrestrial communication. First, the receiver and transmitter arekept in motion. This implies that effective space communication isonly achieved when geographically dispersed stations are madeavailable on the earth (Khodarev, 2010).
Secondly,space communication involves the transmission of signals over a longdistance, which creates a lot of chances for interference with thequality of the signal being propagated. This calls for the use ofhigh technology to reduce interferences (such as noise, warm clouddroplets, and moisture) that are likely to limit the effectiveness ofspace communication. In addition, the receiver has to be placed in aplace that is remote from the technologically advanced centers inorder to reduce the risk of artificial noise (Khodarev, 2010).Moreover, the signal has to be released at an extremely highfrequency in order to ensure that it reaches the electronic gadgetson the earth and in the space. All these technological advances makespace communication more expensive and vulnerable to interactionsthan terrestrial communication.
Third,space communication requires a lot of power that mostly supplied at apremium. The transmitter consumes a lot of energy in an effort tomaximize the velocity of the signal and the overall strength of theelectromagnetic wave, which ensures that it reaches the twoelectronic gadgets, one in the space and the other one on the earth(Khodarev, 2010). The high rate of energy consumption coupled withthe fact that the energy is provided at a premium, in most cases,make it costly to facilitate space communication compared toterrestrial communication.
Theintimate space refers to the imaginary space that surround anindividual, and for which these individuals regard to bepsychologically theirs. One way of determining if the space isintimate is to detect the extent to which one feels agitated whensomeone else enters into that space. Technological advances haveincreased opportunities for the interference with the intimate space.For an instant, telephone calls came in when the cell phone owner iseither in the private or in the public place. The intimate spacetends to be interfered with when the owner of the cell phone in sinthe public place, but in the condition in which that person cannotleave or look for a place to receive private calls (Naughton, 2015).Other people feel that their intimate space has been reduced orinterfered with by the technology-based communication since messagesand phone calls find them even in their private rooms. For example,the owners of cell phones have a limited control over the incomingmessages and calls when they are in their bedrooms. Although thecallers do not enter the intimate space physically, some people feelannoyed when they are called in the private places or in the oddhours when they need to engage in personal matters (Naughton, 2015).Therefore, technology has enhanced efficiency in communication, butit has destroyed the inmate space that people used to enjoy.
Publicspace refers to space that is open and can be accessed or utilized byanyone. This implies that people are expected to assemble, engage,and communicate in the public space without being restricted. It hasbeen generally assumed that the technological advancement and thediscovery of the virtual world where people meet and communicateusing electronic devices have interfered with the extent to whichpeople engage in the public space (Park, 2015). However, empiricalstudy comparing the level of physical engagement and utilization ofthe public space between 1970s and 1980s indicates that technologyplayed a key role in bringing more people to the public space andincreased. The study indicated that people are now more likely tospend time in groups in public spaces than they did in the 1970s,when technology-based communication was still underdeveloped (Park,2015). In addition, the study indicated that technology hascontributed to an increase in the number of women who come to andutilize the public space. Moreover, the development of virtual modelsof public space in cities has been found to attract more people topublic spaces that they did three decades ago (Park, 2015).Therefore, technology-based communication has enhanced the utility ofthe public space as opposed to the general perception that it hasreduced the significance of the public space.
Socialspace refers to either the virtual or the physical place where peoplecome together and interact. Before the discovery of thetechnology-based communication and the internet, physical places werethe only forms of social spaces that people could use to interact.However, the technological advancement has opened an opportunity forpeople to meet, socialize, interact, and share information in thevirtual space, which does not require physical meetings. According toBrivo, Inc (2016) the virtual social space allows people to creategroup awareness and share information regarding different events andpersonal life using the same principles that are applied in thephysical settings.
Althoughthe virtual space is often considered as a substitute of the physicalsocial space, it is associated with several limitations. For example,the social media, which is currently among the most common types ofvirtual social spaces, has been associated with the increase in theoccurrence of stress-related illnesses (Claywell, 2015). Theoccurrence of these illnesses is attributed to a reduction inphysical interactions among the users of the virtual social space.These findings confirm that the socialization as well as interactionsthat take place in the virtual spaces (such as the social media)cannot have an equivalent level of quality as the interactions thatoccur in the physical social spaces.
Spacecommunication is part of the technological advances that haveenhanced efficiency in communication. Although space communication isassociated with the consumption of more energy and costing more toestablish effective communication systems, it facilitates thepropagation of information faster and over a long distance comparedto the terrestrial methods of communication. The intimate spaceenhances the psychological well-being of an individual until a timeat which it has been interfered with. Technological advancement hasreduced the significance of the intimate space. In addition, it isempirically proven that the modern technology has enhanced theutility of the public space, which is inconsistent with the generalperception that technology has reduced the people’s desire toutilize the public spaces. Moreover, virtual social space allowspeople to interact without the need to move or meet physically, butit is associated with psychological challenges (such as stress) thatcan be found among people who socialize physically.
Brivo,Inc. (2016). Fivecomponents of social space.Bethesda, MD: Brivo, Inc.
Claywell,R. (2015). Advantages and disadvantages of social network.Technology.Retrieved March 21, 2016, fromhttp://socialnetworking.lovetoknow.com/Advantages_and_Disadvantages_of_Social_Networking
Khodarev,K. (2010). Spacecommunications.Farmington Hills: The Gale Group, Inc.
Naughton,J. (2015). A generation lost in its personal space. TheGuardian.Retrieved March 21, 2016, fromhttp://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/jan/23/comment.business
Park,B. (2015). Technologybrings people together in public spaces after all.New York, NY: Place Making Leadership Council.