Plato,allegory of the cave is about individuals who have been locked up ina cage. They have never got out of the clue about how the real worldlooks like. They are made to occupy position inside the cage in sucha way that they can’t see anything that is behind neither them norsomething that is in the back. All they can see is what is in frontof them. The individuals can only see shadows of people and trees.They believe that whatever things they see in these shadows are whatthe real world is actual. They have no clue and whatever they thinkthe real world is not the truth. However, there is a day that anindividual escaped from the cage that they have been locked in forall their life. When the person got the opportunity to view what washappening in their back, they found out that what they were seeingwere just shadows of statutes that were made by free men who had easyaccess to the world. Therefore, the whole belief that they havealways had while growing up that the real world was made up of whatthey used to see in the shadows was taken away. The person who hadthe opportunity to see what was happening in his back was so shocked.Also in the film, individuals are locked inside a cage, and they haveno clue of what is happening in the real world. The happenings thattake place inside the matrix is what they believe to be true. Thereis one character called Neo in the film which gets the opportunity toescape from the matrix and when he gets out, he learns that whateverthing that they were made to believe were just illusions. Thiscompares so much with Plato, Allegory of the cave. Therefore, thisessay finds more about the film matrix and how it relates to Plato,Allegory of a cage by viewing them from different philosophicalperspectives.
Anoticeable philosophical reference that occurs in the film Matrix isthat of Jean Baudrillard, which is entitled as Simulacra andSimulation. The philosophy in part states that” In the 20thcentury the culture of consumers is the world in which both realitysimulations become more real than reality a condition that he usesthe term hyper-real to describe.” This is from the film Matrix andPlato’s idea of the allegory of the cave (Foley, 55). The filmsMatrix, the human beings that are trapped in the matrix are comparedto the individuals who are trapped in the cage or the prisoners inthe cage according to the Plato allegory of the cage. Plato quoted inhis work that anyone who had sense will have the ability to rememberthat the bewilderments of the human eyes are of two different kinds.In both the two cases, the individual’s mindsets have been playedwith. They are tricked by the free individuals who have a clear ideaof how the world is. They have applied the model of the real world tobuild some statutes. They have incorporated fire so that it maycreate shadows to the individuals in the matrix according to theMatrix film or people in cage according to the Plato allegory of thecage. The locked people are made to believe that what they see is thereal world. A scene in Matrix film shows how one member of theresistance by the name Cypher, makes a decision of giving informationabout the resistance machine so that he could be taken back to thematrix (Falzon, 105). By so doing, he believes that he will be ableto forget everything about the matrix and have a new mindset. This isin line with the simulation and simulacra philosophy in that in bothcases individuals are made only to have an illusion of what ishappening.
ThePlato, allegory of cave and the film The Matrix all tries to explainhow the characters were made to grow up having ideologies which theycould not prove. The circumstances they were in made them to believethat all these they were seeing were actually what were taking place.The happenings from both cases can be linked to one philosopher knownas the Descartes who is strongly remembered in the history ofphilosophy. Descartes questioned the surety that how can one knowthat he really exists and that the idea that he is existing is justan illusion to him which might have been brought about by some evilforces to him. This is a dilemma question. However, he ended up thedilemma by saying that the fact he could think that he exist is anindication that they exist (Falzon, 105). Plato quotes, “How couldthey see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to movetheir heads” in his work the allegory of a cage. Various scenes inthe film, the matrix can be linked to the idea of the philosophersince in both cases there is a mindset that what we perceive to bethe truth may just be an illusion of what exists.
Thefilm Matrix is based on the Plato’s allegory of the cage. They canboth be viewed from different philosophical perspectives. They showmuch about how individuals who were locked in cages and matrix weremade to have an illusion of how the real world was like.
Falzon,Chris. "Philosophy and The Matrix." Critical Studies 29.1(2006): 97-111.
Foley,Michael P. "Plato, Christianity, and the cinematic craft ofAndrew Niccol." Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture9.2 (2006): 43-67.