Topic Health & Social Services in Indianola

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Topic: Health &amp Social Services in Indianola

Evidenceof acute or chronic conditions

Accordingto statistics by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention anumber of conic diseases exist in the Indianola region. Among adultsthe two leading ailments affecting the population include cancer andheart disease which result to 48% of fatalities (Disease Control andPrevention, 2015).

Obesityis another increasing health concern among children and adults inIndianola. The highest percentage of adult obesity in the UnitedStates in the 2007 was from Mississippi which was rated at 34%. In2008 Sunflower County was also rated as the region with the highestnumber of obese individuals at 38.6%. Most of the families in theregion live in low poverty levels yet the adolescents are obese(NationalInitiative for Children`s Healthcare Quality, 2014). Thechildren can either be classified as obese or overweight. Recent databy the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015) disclosesthat obesity is still an impending challenge in the regions which arating of 35%.

Anotherchronic diseases affecting the area is Arthritis. It can be statedthat this is the main cause of disability essentially among theelderly population (Disease Control and Prevention, 2015).

Healthand Social Services

Numeroushealth care facilities do exist in Indianola. Most of the healthcarefacilities do not offer free services. The closest healthcare centerthat provides free services is at Moorhead Clinic in Moorhead whichis seven miles away (Dowell, nd).Some of the health care servicesin the region include

Clinics

Clinicsare predominant in the area. Some of the clinics include DeltaSurgical clinic, the Rose eye clinic and family dental care. Publicpractitioners have established their health care services. Thisinclude Julia, R, Hill and Ellis, W, Bernard (Dowell, nd).

Hospitals

Amajorhospital in the area is the South Sunflower County Hospital. Thehospital provides services such as radiology, lab services,obstetrics, pediatrics, ultrasound, CAT scan, and mammography. Thehospital does not provide emergency services and is also limited inproviding in urology, gynecology and surgery (Dowell, nd).

MentalHealth Services

TheHealth Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (2012) disclosedthat Sunflower County is situated in a Medically UnderservedArea/Population (MUA/P) and a Health Professional Shortage Area(HPSA). The needs assessment therefore concluded that there isactually a shortage of mental health physicians and professionalsnevertheless there is no scarcity of dentists. Currently, the onlymental health institution in the region is the Life Help MentalHealth Center that offers mental healthcare for the service area. Itis situated next to the South Sunflower County Hospital (Dowell, nd).

Traditionalhealers

Theexisting traditional healers in the Indianola are majorly Chineseherbal clinics. The clinics mainly use traditional Chinese treatmentmethods such as Acupuncture and Chinese medicine in order to improvehealth and wellness. A leading clinic is the Indianola Acupunctureand Herbal Clinic (Alternative Therapy, 2016). Herbal healers alsoexist in the area that are not Chinese based.

NursingHomes

Several nursing home exist in the area. The nursing homes mainlyhouse the elderly with injuries and chronic health conditions. Thehomes have nurses, health care aids and doctor who constantly monitorthe health of the elderly. Some of the existing nursing homes inIndianola include Sta-Home Health Agency, South Sunflower HomeHealth , Continue Care Home Health, Grace Hospice and Seyah Hospice(Dowell, nd).

Shelters

Theexisting provision for shelters for the homeless people in the cityare the provisions made by the local churches. The city does not haveany services for the homeless (Dowell, nd).

DrugRehabilitation Centers

Drugabuse is one of the impending challenges affecting both the youth andadults in Indianola. A rehabilitation centre in the city hastherefore been useful in dealing with drug related problem. One ofthe leading rehab centers is the LibertyHealth &amp Rehab of Indianola

ResourcesOutside the community

It can be stated that health resources outside the community doexist. Based on the earlier presentation, it was noted that the mainhospital in the region theSouth Sunflower County Hospital does is limited in services suchurology, gynecology and surgery. In order to get this essentialhealthcare services, the people use resources outside the community.

Health&amp Social Services

Marriageand divorce rates

The marriage rate in Indianola is relative low with 35% of adults inmarriage. Divorce rates are also increasing with 9.0 percent of thepopulation divorced. Abig sample of the population is therefore not living within themarriage institution. A recent survey by Onboard Informatics (2016)provides the following findings for the marriage and divorce rates inIndianola city.

Adultpopulation in Indianola city

Nevermarried: 43.8%

Widowed:6.6%

Nowmarried: 35.0%

Separated:5.6%

Divorced:9.0%

BirthsRates

According to data on demographics published by the CensusBureau in December of 2015 the birth rate Indianola has progressivelydeclined. 2.5 % of women gave birth which is actually lower thanother regions. Figure 1.0 g provides an overview of mothers who gavebirth. The biggest proposition include mothers between the age of20-24 who were 34%.

Migrationpatterns

Themigration pattern into the region is mainly characterized moreAmericans from other States coming to settling in Indianola. This isattributes to factors such as work and study. Additionally, peoplefrom foreign decent such as Africans and, Asians and Europeans alsomigrate to the city(Census Bureau, 2014).

DeathRates

Mortalityin Indianola is rated as 4.5(out of 1,000) in a population&nbspwhichis 0.45% (CensusBureau, 2014).

5Leading causes of morbidity / mortality

1.

Diseases- Cancer , heart disease , HIV

2.

Crime related deaths

3.

Mortar vehicle Accidents

4.

Drug related deaths

5.

Home Injuries and Domestic violence

(CensusBureau, 2014-2015).

References

AlternativeTherapy. (2016). Indianola Acupuncture and Herbal Clinic.

Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention.(&nbsp2015).ChronicDisease Statistics. CDC

CensusBureau. (2015). Indianola, IA Demographics Data. CB

Dowell,C.( nd). Community Assessment of Indianola. Mississippi RuralPhysicians Scholarship Program

NationalInitiative for Children`s Healthcare Quality. (2014) . DataResource Center for Child &amp Adolescent Health. &quotMississippi State Fact Sheet.

OnboardInformatics (2016). Survey on Indianola Mississippi.

TheHealth Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (2012).