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Question1 of 4 -Howsuccessful were business people in overcoming the problems thatconfronted them in the last third of the nineteenth century?

Inthe final quarter of the 19th century, most businesses were owned byindividuals or through partnerships (Groner, 1972).The owners of the companies and industries were also the managers.This paper aims at assessing the successes that the business peopleachieved in overcoming the problems that existed at the time.

Professionalismwas introduced in the management of companies, and there was anemergence of the directorate revolution (Groner, 1972).This then led to efficiency in management which increasedproductivity and hence the companies made more profits. There were aformation of bureaucratic hierarchies and corporations startedrelying on central control.

Therewas the growth of the business as they expanded regardingadministration and size. More profits were realized leading todiversifications.

Companieshighly grew due to vertical and horizontal integrations. Verticalintegration enables the industries to perform all the functions ofthe industry ranging from a search for the raw materials to thedistribution of goods (Groner, 1972).The factories could be involved in the entire production processes.On the other hand, businesses that integrated horizontally expandedto include related business, property and services. There were rapidexpansions in the industries,leading to massive job creations.There were growths in all fields of the industrial sector.

Inconclusion, the business people were successful in overcoming theproblems towards the end of the 19th century. There was an injectionof professionalism in the management of firms, and massive profitswere achieved leading to expansion and growth of the industries. Theevaluation has created an understanding of the successes made by thebusiness people in the last third of the 19th century.

Question2 of 4-Evaluatethe strengths and weaknesses of progressivism.

Progressivismwas a movement in the USA whose aim was to rectify the societythrough eradication of ills that existed (Pestritto, &ampWest, 2005).The stated evils had developed during the time of industrialrevolution that happened towards the end of the 19th century. Thispaper aims to assess the strengths and weaknesses of progressivismmovement in the American history.

Oneof the strengths of the progressivism is the federal act of 1887.Thelaw was passed by the Congress and aimed at regulating the railwaysector. It had the objective to remove trusts that allowed railwaycompanies to practice monopolistic practices and to overcharge thecustomers (Pestritto, &amp West, 2005).

Therewas also the Sherman antitrust act of 1890 that endeavored toeliminate monopolies in all businesses. That would prevent the bigcorporations from exploiting the customers through monopolisticpractices.

Themovement, however, had a weakness in that people were not able tospeak with one voice (Pestritto, &amp West, 2005).They could not agree on matters that directly affected them. Theycouldn`t agree on how to tackle the challenges generated by thetrusts.

Inconclusion, progressivism was a pivotal movement in the Americanhistory. It had strengths and challenges which affected the people inequal measure. The assessment of the weaknesses and strengths of themovement form a firm foundation for the study of the Americanhistory.

Question 3 Of 4-DescribeThe Major War Aims Of The Allied Powers.

Inthe 2nd world war, the allied powers led by the USA and Russia weredriven by some goals and motives (Dick &amp Patterson,2004).Each member of the allied forces was determined to play its role soit could make its mark. This paper assesses the aims of the alliedpowers in the 2nd world war with an effort to achieving a betterunderstanding.

Theallied forces were led by the USA and USSR in their bid to defeatNazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler in the western region of Germany(Dick &amp Patterson, 2004).They also had a common goal to defeat Japan. During the war,conversations were going on that the allied forces should just secureGermany and make it an integral part of France. That would enable thetwo countries that earlier on had engaged to reconcile through mutualunderstanding. The suggestion was however declined by the French headof state at the time.

Inthe bid to defeat Japan, the Allied forces had Admiral Patton as oneof the US commanders in the Pacific, who suggested that would serve abetter purpose of being the testing ground for future nuclear weapons(Dick &amp Patterson, 2004).However, that was declined too at the signing of the treaty in ParisFrance.

Theallied forces had the aim to stop the spread of communism ideology tothe rest of the world (Dick &amp Patterson, 2004).USSR, a member of the allied forces, was more determined to see to itthat communism spread in several areas of the world. That did notsucceed to mainly because USA president had been a secret supporterof communism.

Inconclusion, the objectives of the Allied forces were to defeat theNazi, defeat Japan and prevent the spread of communism to the rest ofthe world. All members of the allied forces played their role andmade their mark. The information discussed has created a betterunderstanding of the aims of the allied troops in the war.

Question4 of 4-SupremeCourt`s decision in Roe v. Wade

In1973, the US Supreme Court made a historical ruling by acknowledgingthe right of women to make private medical decisions. Women couldprocure abortions whenever they deem appropriate. This paper aims atassessing and defending the decision of the case of Roe v Wade thatwas unprecedented in the world.

Isupport the decision based on the fact that it provides women with achance to procure safe abortions without the fear associated withbackstreet clinics (Hull &amp Hoffer, 2001).It would be an opportunity for females to be attended by qualifiedmedical personnel without the fear of legal actions. The women alsohave a right to decide on matters that affect their health.

Froma study conducted in the 1960S, unsafe abortion was practiced, andmany women ended up losing their lives in the process. Legal and safeabortions would hence play a significant role in curbing rates ofdeaths among expectant mothers.

Thewomen would enjoy a right of not having an unwanted baby. Some womenget pregnant as a result of rape and, therefore, cannot be coercedinto giving birth to the resulting child (Hull &ampHoffer, 2001).At other times, the health of the mother could be at risk and wouldbe unfair to force her to carry a risky pregnancy to full term.

Inconclusion, the landmark verdict was a step in the right direction.Women should have the freedom to choose on matters of their privatehealth. Though unprecedented, I fully support the historic ruling.


Hull,N. E. H., &amp Hoffer, P. C. (2001). Roev. Wade: The abortion rights controversy in American history.Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas.

Groner,A. (1972). TheAmerican heritage history of American business &amp industry.New York: American Heritage Pub. Co.

Dick,R., &amp Patterson, D. (2004). WorldWar Two.Erin, Ont: Boston Mills.

Pestritto,R. J., &amp West, T. G. (2005). Challengesto the American founding: Slavery, historicism, and progressivism inthe nineteenth century.Lanham, Md: Lexington Books.